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Distinguishing Wheezing Phenotypes from Infancy to Adolescence: A Pooled Analysis of Five Birth Cohorts.

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Oksel, Ceyda, Granell, Raquel, Haider, Sadia, Fontanella, Sara, Simpson, Angela, Turner, Steve, Devereux, Graham ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0024-4887, Arshad, Syed Hasan, Murray, Clare S, Roberts, Graham, Holloway, John W, Cullinan, Paul, Henderson, John and Custovic, Adnan (2019) 'Distinguishing Wheezing Phenotypes from Infancy to Adolescence: A Pooled Analysis of Five Birth Cohorts.'. Annals of the American Thoracic Society. (In Press)

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Abstract

RATIONALE
Pooling data from multiple cohorts and extending the time-frame across childhood should minimize study-specific effects, enabling better characterization of the childhood wheezing.
OBJECTIVE
To analyze wheezing patterns from early childhood to adolescence using combined data from five birth cohorts.
METHODS
We used latent class analysis to derive wheeze phenotypes among 7719 participants from five birth cohorts with complete report of wheeze at five time-periods. We tested the association of derived phenotypes with late asthma outcomes and lung function, and investigated the uncertainty in phenotype assignment.
RESULTS
We identified five phenotypes: Never/Infrequent wheeze (52.1%), Early-onset pre-school remitting (23.9%), Early-onset mid-childhood remitting (9%), Persistent (7.9%) and Late-onset wheeze (7.1%). Compared to the Never/infrequent wheeze, all phenotypes had higher odds of asthma and lower FEV1 and FEV1/FVC in adolescence. The association with asthma was strongest for Persistent wheeze (adjusted odds ratio 56.54, 95%CI 43.75-73.06). We observed considerable within-class heterogeneity at individual level, with 913 (12%) children having low membership probability (<0.60) of any phenotype. Class membership certainty was highest in Persistent and Never/infrequent, and lowest in Late-onset wheeze (with 51% of participants having membership probabilities<0.80). Individual wheezing patterns were particularly heterogeneous in Late-onset wheeze, while many children assigned to Early-onset pre-school remitting class reported wheezing at later time points.
CONCLUSIONS
All wheeze phenotypes had significantly diminished lung function in school-age, suggesting that the notion that early-life episodic wheeze has a benign prognosis may not be true for a proportion of transient wheezers. We observed considerable within-phenotype heterogeneity in individual wheezing patterns.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WF Respiratory System > WF 100 General works
WF Respiratory System > Lungs > WF 600 Lungs
WS Pediatrics > WS 100 General works
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1513/AnnalsATS.201811-837OC
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2019 10:41
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2019 14:25
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/10450

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