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Exploring the impact of glutathione S-transferase (GST)-based metabolic resistance to insecticide on vector competence of Anopheles funestus for Plasmodium falciparum

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Ndo, Cyrille, Kopya, Edmond, Irving, Helen and Wondji, Charles ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0791-3673 (2019) 'Exploring the impact of glutathione S-transferase (GST)-based metabolic resistance to insecticide on vector competence of Anopheles funestus for Plasmodium falciparum'. Wellcome Open Research, Vol 4, p. 52.

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Abstract

Background: Malaria control heavily relies on insecticide-based interventions against mosquito vectors. However, the increasing spread of insecticide resistance is a major threat. The extent to which such resistance, notably metabolic resistance, interferes with the development of the Plasmodium parasite and its impact on overall malaria transmission remains poorly characterized. Here, we investigated whether glutathione S-transferase-based resistance could influence Plasmodium falciparum development in Anopheles funestus. Methods: Anopheles funestus females were infected with P. falciparum gametocytes and midguts were dissected at day 7 post infection for detection/quantification of oocysts. Infection parameters were compared between individual with different L119F-GSTe2 genotypes, and the polymorphism of the GSTe2 gene was analyzed in infected and uninfected mosquito groups. Results: Overall, 403 mosquitoes were dissected and genotyped. The frequency of the L119F-GSTe2 resistance allele was significantly higher in non-infected (55.88%) compared to infected (40.99%) mosquitoes (Fisher's exact test, P<0.0001). Prevalence of infection was significantly higher in heterozygous and homozygous susceptible genotypes (P<0.001). However, homozygous resistant and heterozygous mosquitoes exhibited significantly higher infection intensity (P<0.01). No association was observed between the GSTe2 polymorphism and the infection status of mosquitoes. Conclusion: Altogether, these results suggest that GSTe2-based metabolic resistance may affect the vectorial competence of resistant An. funestus mosquitoes to P. falciparum infection, by increasing its permissiveness to Plasmodium infection.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QX Parasitology > Protozoa > QX 135 Plasmodia
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 510 Mosquitoes
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 515 Anopheles
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15061.1
SWORD Depositor: JISC Pubrouter
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2019 13:23
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2019 13:23
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/10511

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