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Association between histamine-2 receptor antagonists and adverse outcomes in neonates: A systematic review and meta-analysis

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Santos, Victor S., Freire, Marina S., Santana, Ruth N. S., Martins-Filho, Paulo R. S., Cuevas, Luis ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6581-0587 and Gurgel, Ricardo Q. (2019) 'Association between histamine-2 receptor antagonists and adverse outcomes in neonates: A systematic review and meta-analysis'. PLoS ONE, Vol 14, Issue 4, e0214135.

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Abstract

Background The use of histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RA) in neonates is still debated because of possible risk of infection, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and increased mortality. Aim To review whether the use of H2RA in neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICU) is associated with infection, NEC or mortality. Materials and method We performed a systematic search in PubMed, Web of Science and SCOPUS databases using the terms “histamine-2 receptor antagonists”, “infection”, “necrotizing enterocolitis”, “mortality”, “neonates” and related terms to identify studies published up to April 30, 2017. We included studies conducted in hospitalized neonates and exposed to H2RA. The primary outcomes were infection, NEC and mortality. We included reports of infections with clinical signs and positive culture, and NEC according to Bell stages (stage ≥II) based on standardised clinical and radiologic criteria. Among 1,144 studies identified, 10 fulfilled the selection criteria. Information extracted included study design, sample size and number of participants, along with the outcomes of interest. We conducted a meta-analysis of adjusted data and pooled estimates of infection, NEC and mortality are reported as odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). Results Ten studies were analysed. There were substantial associations between H2RA and infection (pooled OR: 2.09; 95%CI: 1.35–3.24; P = 0.001) and NEC (pooled OR: 2.81, 95%CI: 1.19–6.64; P = 0.02) but not with the mortality risk (pooled OR: 1.76; 95%CI: 0.50–6.16; P: 0.38). Conclusion Current evidence suggests that H2RA is associated with an increased risk of infection and NEC, but not with mortality in neonates admitted to NICU. The use of H2RA in neonates must be stringently considered when necessary.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QV Pharmacology > Cardiovascular Agents. Renal Agents > QV 157 Histamine. Histamine antagonists. Histamine receptor blockaders
W General Medicine. Health Professions > W 20.5 Biomedical research
WS Pediatrics > By Age Groups > WS 420 Newborn infants. Neonatology
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0214135
SWORD Depositor: JISC Pubrouter
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2019 08:32
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2019 13:48
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/10583

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