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Caribbean multi-centre study of Klebsiella pneumoniae: whole genome sequencing, antimicrobial resistance and virulence factors

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Heinz, Eva ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4413-3756, Brindle, Richard, Morgan-McCalla, Andrina, Peters, Keisha and Thomson, Nicholas R. (2019) 'Caribbean multi-centre study of Klebsiella pneumoniae: whole genome sequencing, antimicrobial resistance and virulence factors'. Microbial Genomics, Vol 5, Issue 5.

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Abstract

The surveillance of antimicrobial resistant isolates has proven to be one of the most valuable tools to understand the global rise of multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens. We report the first insights into the current situation in the Caribbean, where a pilot project to monitor antimicrobial resistance through phenotypic resistance measurements combined with whole-genome sequencing was set up in collaboration with the Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA). Our first study focused on Klebsiella pneumoniae, a highly relevant organism amongst the Gram-negative opportunistic pathogens world-wide causing hospital and community-acquired infections. Our results show that not only carbapenem resistance, but also hypervirulent strains, are circulating in patients in the Caribbean. Our current data does not allow us to infer their prevalence in the population. We argue for the urgent need to further support antimicrobial resistance surveillance and stewardship in this almost uncharted territory, which can make a significant impact on the reduction of antimicrobial usage.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Genetics > QU 470 Genetic structures
QW Microbiology and Immunology > Bacteria > QW 138 Enterobacteriaceae
QW Microbiology and Immunology > QW 4 General works. Classify here works on microbiology as a whole.
WC Communicable Diseases > Infection. Bacterial Infections > Enteric Infections > WC 260 Enterobacteriaceae and other enteric infections
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1099/mgen.0.000266
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 01 May 2019 09:13
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2019 03:47
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/10621

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