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Malaria prevention in the city of Yaoundé: knowledge and practices of urban dwellers

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Talipouo, Abdou, Ngadjeu, Carmene S, Doumbe-Belisse, Patricia, Djamouko-Djonkam, Landre, Sonhafouo-Chiana, Nadege, Kopya, Edmond, Bamou, Roland, Awono-Ambene, Parfait, Woromogo, Sylvain, Kekeunou, Sevilor, Wondji, Charles ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0791-3673 and Antonio-Nkondjio, Christophe (2019) 'Malaria prevention in the city of Yaoundé: knowledge and practices of urban dwellers'. Malaria Journal, Vol 18, :167.

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Abstract

Background
Malaria prevention in Cameroon mainly relies on the use of ITNs. Although several free distribution campaigns of treated nets have been conducted across the country, bed net usage remains very low. A household survey was conducted to assess knowledge of the population and practices affecting treated net usage in the city of Yaoundé.
Methods
A community-based descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted in January 2017 in 32 districts of the city of Yaoundé. Parents (household head, spouse or an elder representative) who consented to the study, were interviewed using a structured pre-tested questionnaire. Interviews were conducted in French or English. A questionnaire consisting of 22 questions was administered to know (i) people’s knowledge and attitude on preventive measures; and, (ii) attitudes concerning the treatment of malaria and estimated amount spent for malaria prevention and treatment.
Results
A total of 1,643 household heads were interviewed. Over 94% of people interviewed associated malaria transmission to mosquito bites. The main methods used against mosquito bites were: treated bed nets (94%; n=1,526) and insecticide spray or coils (32.2%; n=523). The majority of people interviewed reported using bed nets mainly to prevent from mosquito bites (84.4%, n=1,257), rather than for malaria prevention (47.3%). Knowledge and attitude analysis revealed that people with university or secondary level of education have better knowledge of malaria, prevention and treatment measures compared to those with the primary level (OR=7.03; P<0.001). Also, wealthy households were more aware of good practices concerning malaria prevention and treatment compared to poor ones. In the majority of districts of Yaoundé, over 50% of people interviewed per district, had good knowledge of malaria and prevention measures but less than 50% applied good practices concerning malaria treatment and prevention. The amount spent annually by a household for vector control was CFAF 11,589±1,133 (US$21.87±2.14) and CFAF 66,403±4,012 (US$125.29±7.57) for malaria treatment.
Conclusion
The study indicated that, despite good knowledge of malaria and prevention measures, few people apply good practices. More sensitization needs to be done to improve adherence to good practices concerning malaria prevention and treatment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QX Parasitology > QX 4 General works
WA Public Health > WA 30 Socioeconomic factors in public health (General)
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WA Public Health > Sanitation. Environmental Control > General Sanitation and Environmental Control > WA 670 General works
WA Public Health > Housing. Buildings. Public Facilities > WA 795 Housing
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 750 Malaria
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1186/s12936-019-2799-6
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 13 May 2019 10:48
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2019 15:48
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/10762

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