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Poor outcomes in recurrent tuberculosis: More than just drug resistance?

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Cohen, Danielle, Davies, Geriant, Malwafu, Wakisa, Mangochi, Helen, Joekes, Elizabeth, Greenwood, Simon, Corbett, Liz and Squire, Bertie ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7173-9038 (2019) 'Poor outcomes in recurrent tuberculosis: More than just drug resistance?'. PLoS ONE, Vol 14, Issue 5, e0215855.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND
Approximately 11% of people reported to have tuberculosis (TB) have previously received treatment. Clinical outcomes are consistently poor on retreatment regimens, however reasons for this are unclear. This study aimed to explore factors which may contribute to unsuccessful outcomes in retreatment TB.
METHODS AND FINDINGS
A prospective cohort of consecutive patients starting WHO Category II retreatment regimen was recruited at a central hospital in Malawi. Participants were evaluated at baseline, after completion of the intensive phase at 2-months, and at the end of the 8-month treatment course. Patients were assessed for respiratory co-morbidity; anaemia; renal impairment; diabetes; Anti-retroviral (ART) failure; and drug toxicity. Amongst 158 patients entering TB care at the point of a recurrent episode, only 92 (58%) had a microbiologically confirmed diagnosis. The prevalence of drug resistance was low (9.6%). Of the 158 patients, 131 (83%) were HIV-positive, of whom 96 (73%) were on ART. Of 63 patients on ART >1 year, 24 (38%) had ART failure. Chronic lung disease was found in 88% on CT thorax, including scarring (80%), bronchiectasis (61%), COPD (22%), and destroyed lung (19%). Spirometry revealed restrictive deficit in 60%, and obstructive deficit in 7% of patients. Anaemia and renal impairment were common (34% and 45% respectively). Ototoxicity developed in 32%, and nephrotoxicity in 15%. 40% of patients reported peripheral neuropathy. Liver injury developed in 4%.
CONCLUSIONS
If outcomes are to be improved in retreatment TB, there is an urgent need to address the impact of other co-morbid medical conditions including chronic lung disease, HIV and ART failure.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QW Microbiology and Immunology > QW 45 Microbial drug resistance. General or not elsewhere classified.
WB Practice of Medicine > Therapeutics > WB 330 Drug therapy
WF Respiratory System > Tuberculosis > WF 200 Tuberculosis (General)
WF Respiratory System > Tuberculosis > WF 310 Therapy
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0215855
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 08 May 2019 09:43
Last Modified: 08 May 2019 09:43
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/10764

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