LSTM Home > LSTM Research > LSTM Online Archive

MVA85A vaccine to enhance BCG for preventing tuberculosis

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Kashangura, Rufaro, Jullien, Sophie, Garner, Paul ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0607-6941 and Johnson, Samuel (2019) 'MVA85A vaccine to enhance BCG for preventing tuberculosis'. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Vol 4, CD012915.

[img] Text
Kashangura_et_al-2019-Cochrane_Database_of_Systematic_Reviews.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 30 April 2020.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (715kB)

Abstract

Background
Tuberculosis causes more deaths than any other infectious disease globally. Bacillus Calmette‐Guérin (BCG) is the only available vaccine, but protection is incomplete and variable. The modified Vaccinia Ankara virus expressing antigen 85A (MVA85A) is a viral vector vaccine produced to prevent tuberculosis.
Objectives
To assess and summarize the effects of the MVA85A vaccine boosting BCG in humans.
Search methods
We searched the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group Specialized Register; Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); MEDLINE (PubMed); Embase (Ovid); and four other databases. We searched the WHO ICTRP and ClinicalTrials.gov. All searches were run up to 10 May 2018.
Selection criteria
We evaluated randomized controlled trials of MVA85A vaccine given with BCG in people regardless of age or HIV status.
Data collection and analysis
Two review authors independently assessed the eligibility and risk of bias of trials, and extracted and analyzed data. The primary outcome was active tuberculosis disease. We summarized dichotomous outcomes using risk ratios (RR) and risk differences (RD), with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Where appropriate, we combined data in meta‐analyses. Where meta‐analysis was inappropriate, we summarized results narratively.
Main results
The search identified six studies relating to four Phase 2 randomized controlled trials enrolling 3838 participants. Funding was by government bodies, charities, and philanthropic donors. Five studies included infants, one of them infants born to HIV‐positive mothers. One study included adults living with HIV. All trials included authors from Oxford University who led the laboratory development of the vaccine. Participants received intradermal MVA85A after BCG in some studies, and before selective deferred BCG in HIV‐exposed infants.
The largest trial in 2797 African children was well conducted with low risk of bias for most parameters. Risk of bias was uncertain for selective reporting because there were no precise case definition endpoints for active tuberculosis published prior to the trial analysis.

MVA85A added to BCG compared to BCG alone probably has no effect on the risk of developing microbiologically confirmed tuberculosis (RR 0.97, 95% CI 0.58 to 1.62; 3439 participants, 2 trials; moderate‐certainty evidence), or the risk of starting on tuberculosis treatment (RR 1.10, 95% CI 0.92 to 1.33; 3687 participants, 3 trials; moderate‐certainty evidence). MVA85A probably has no effect on the risk of developing latent tuberculosis (RR 1.01, 95% CI 0.85 to 1.21; 3831 participants, 4 trials; moderate‐certainty evidence). Vaccinating people with MVA85A in addition to BCG did not cause life‐threatening serious adverse effects (RD 0.00, 95% CI –0.00 to 0.00; 3692 participants, 3 trials; high‐certainty evidence). Vaccination with MVA85A is probably associated with an increased risk of local skin adverse effects (3187 participants, 3 trials; moderate‐certainty evidence), but not systemic adverse effect related to vaccination (144 participants, 1 trial; low‐certainty evidence). This safety profile is consistent with Phase 1 studies which outlined a transient, superficial reaction local to the injection site and mild short‐lived symptoms such as malaise and fever.
Authors' conclusions
MVA85A delivered by intradermal injection in addition to BCG is safe but not effective in reducing the risk of developing tuberculosis.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WF Respiratory System > WF 140 Diseases of the respiratory system (General)
WF Respiratory System > Tuberculosis > WF 200 Tuberculosis (General)
WF Respiratory System > Tuberculosis > WF 250 Immunological aspects
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012915.pub2
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 16 May 2019 12:22
Last Modified: 17 May 2019 09:04
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/10777

Statistics

View details

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item