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Burden of acute respiratory infections in a family cohort in Iran

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Naghipour, M., Hart, C. Anthony and Cuevas, Luis ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6581-0587 (2007) 'Burden of acute respiratory infections in a family cohort in Iran'. Epidemiology and Infection, Vol 135, Issue 8, pp. 1384-1388.

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Abstract

Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are the most important infectious cause of death, but there is less information of their burden in the community. This study describes the burden of ARI in a cohort of 50 Iranian families visited weekly over 2 months. Eighty-one out of 113 (72%) children and 29/103 (28%) adults had a total of 124 episodes of ARI. Seventy-five per cent of the episodes occurring in children were primary/co-primary compared to 40% of those in adults (P<0.01). Children were more likely to be the first symptomatic cases and infections were frequently transmitted within the family. Frequencies were lowest among adults, low among infants aged <6 months and highest among children aged <5 years (P<0.01). Winter episodes occurred more frequently in January (P<0.01). The high frequency and apparent transmissibility of ARI in this cohort highlights its enormous burden in the community.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The definitive versin is published at:http://journals.cambridge.org/download.php?file=%2FHYG%2FHYG135_08%2FS0950268807008114a.pdf&code=2bb401616d307969535dff80e4f96db5
Uncontrolled Keywords: syncytial virus-infection developing-countries tract infection children epidemiology pneumonia nigeria
Subjects: WF Respiratory System > WF 140 Diseases of the respiratory system (General)
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Child & Reproductive Health Group
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1017/S0950268807008114
Depositing User: Pauline Anderson
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2010 15:56
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2020 10:57
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/1249

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