LSTM Home > LSTM Research > LSTM Online Archive

Factors governing the performance of Auxiliary Nurse Midwives in India: a study in Pune district

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Pyone, Thidar ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1064-4355, Karvande, Shilpa, Somasundari, Gopalakrishnan ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7833-5367, Purohit, Vidula, Balakrishnan, Subha Sri, Mistry, Nerges and Mathai, Matthews ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7352-9330 (2019) 'Factors governing the performance of Auxiliary Nurse Midwives in India: a study in Pune district'. PLoS ONE, Vol 14, Issue 12, e0226831.

[img] Text
PONE-D-19-23331R1_FTC2.docx - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (80kB)
[img]
Preview
Image
Fig 1.tif - Supplemental Material
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (141kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Image
Fig 2.tif - Supplemental Material
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (649kB) | Preview
[img] Text
S1 Appendix.docx - Supplemental Material
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (16kB)
[img]
Preview
Text
S2 Guide.pdf - Supplemental Material
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (968kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text
S3 Guide.pdf - Supplemental Material
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (855kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text
S4 Guide.pdf - Supplemental Material
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (241kB) | Preview
[img] Text
S5 Appendix.docx - Supplemental Material
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (15kB)
[img]
Preview
Text
journal.pone.0226831.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (997kB) | Preview

Abstract

Background: The Auxiliary nurse midwife (ANM) cadre was created to focus on maternal and child health. ANMs are respected members of their communities and established providers of maternal and child health care within the community and at the facility level. Over time, additional roles and responsibilities have been added. Despite the importance of ANMs in the primary healthcare system in India, studies that consider factors governing the performance of ANMs in their workplaces are limited. We aimed to study factors governing performance of ANMs in Pune district, India.
Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 purposely selected key informants at facility, district, state, and national levels. Focus group discussions were conducted with 41 ANMs and 25 members of the community. Non-participatory observations with eight ANMs provided information to expand on and scrutinise findings that emerged from the other lines of inquiry. A realist lens was applied to identify ANMs’ performance as a result of “mechanisms” (training, supervision, accountability mechanisms) within the given “context” (regulatory system, infrastructure and resources, ANMs’ expanded scope of work, gender roles and norms).
Results: Weak enforcement of regulatory system led to poor standardisation of training quality among training institutions. Challenges in internal accountability mechanisms governing ANMs within the health system hierarchy made it difficult to ensure individual accountability. Training and supervision received were inadequate to address current responsibilities. The supervisory approach focused on comparing information in periodic reports against expected outputs. Clinical support in workplaces was insufficient, with very little problem identification and solving.
Conclusion: Focusing on the tasks of ANMs with technical inputs alone is insufficient to achieve the full potential of ANMs in a changing context. Systematic efforts tackling factors governing ANMs in their workplaces can produce a useful cadre, that can play an important role in achieving universal health coverage in India.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WA Public Health > Health Administration and Organization > WA 546 Local Health Administration. Community Health Services
WY Nursing > WY 157 Obstetrical nursing. Nurse midwifery
WY Nursing > WY 20.5 Research (General)
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > International Public Health Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0226831
Depositing User: Tina Bowers
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2020 11:45
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2020 16:30
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/13352

Statistics

View details

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item