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Changes in inequality in utilization of preventive care services: evidence on China’s 2009 and 2015 health system reform

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Xu, Yongjian, Zhang, Tao and Wang, Duolao ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2788-2464 (2019) 'Changes in inequality in utilization of preventive care services: evidence on China’s 2009 and 2015 health system reform'. International Journal for Equity in Health, Vol 18, Issue 172.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:
Ensuring equal access to preventive care has always been given a priority in health system throughout world. This study aimed to decompose inequality in utilization of preventive care services into its contributing factors and then explore its changes over the period of China's 2009-2015 health system reform.
METHODS:
The concentration index (CI) and decomposition of the CI was performed to capture income-related inequalities in preventive services utilization and identify contribution of various determinants to such inequality using data from China Health and Nutrition Survey. Then, changes in inequality from 2009 to 2015 were estimated using Oaxaca-type decomposition technique.
RESULTS:
The CI for preventive services utilization dropped from 0.2240 in 2009 to 0.1825 in 2015. Residential location and household income made the biggest contributions to income-related inequalities in these two years. Oaxaca decomposition revealed changes in residential location, regions and medical insurance made positive contributions to decline in inequality. However, alternation in household income, age and medical services utilization pushed the equality toward deterioration.
CONCLUSION:
The pro-rich inequality in preventive healthcare services usage is evident in China despite a certain decline in such inequality during observation period. Policy actions on eliminating urban-rural and income disparity should be given the priority to equalize preventive healthcare.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 30 Socioeconomic factors in public health (General)
WA Public Health > Health Administration and Organization > WA 525 General works
WA Public Health > Health Administration and Organization > WA 540 National and state health administration
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-019-1078-z
Depositing User: Marie Hatton
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2020 13:48
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2020 16:12
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/13592

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