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Effect of Parental Migration on the Intellectual and Physical Development of Early School-Aged Children in Rural China

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Li, Minmin, Zhu, Ni, Zeng, Lingxia, Wang, Duolao ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2788-2464, Dang, Shaonong, Watson, Vicky, Chen, Tao ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5489-6450, Hua, Zhongqiu, Li, Zhaoqing, Kang, Yijun, Yan, Hong and Li, Chao (2020) 'Effect of Parental Migration on the Intellectual and Physical Development of Early School-Aged Children in Rural China'. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol 17, Issue 1, e339.

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Abstract

Abstract
OBJECTIVE:
The purpose of this study is to estimate the effect of parent migration on intellectual and physical development of early school-aged children in rural China.
DESIGN:
setting and participants: The present cross-sectional study participants were a subset from a controlled, cluster-randomized, double-blind trial. From October 2012 to September 2013, the offspring of women who participated in a large trial were examined in the present study. Wechsler intelligence scale for children (WISC-IV) in which validity and reliability were shown to be satisfactory was used to measure the intellectual function and trained anthropometrists measured weight and height of children using standard procedures.
RESULTS:
The mean difference of FSIQ scores between non-migration and both-parent migration groups was -3.68 (95%CI: -5.49, -1.87). After adjusting for the confounders, the mean difference of full-scale IQ between non-migration and both-parent migration group was -1.97 (95%CI: -3.92, -0.01), the mean differences of perceptual reasoning index and processing speed index were -2.41 (95%CI: -4.50, -0.31) and -2.39 (95%CI: -4.42, -0.35) between two groups respectively.
CONCLUSION:
Our results emphasized the impairment of both-parental migration in intellectual function (FSIQ, PRI, PSI) of children. These findings have important policy implications for the Chinese government to prevent the impairment of left-behind children. Further research is required to clarify the mechanisms by which both-parental migration influence the impairment in intellectual function of children.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WS Pediatrics > WS 100 General works
WS Pediatrics > By Age Groups > WS 440 Preschool child
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010339
Depositing User: Marie Hatton
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2020 10:11
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2020 16:12
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/13705

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