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Smallpox Eradication

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Brabin, Bernard (2020) 'Smallpox Eradication'. Stanley Gibbons Stamp Monthly.

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Abstract

It has been 40 years since the global eradication of smallpox by
the World Health Organization. Bernard Brabin, Professor Emeritus
in Tropical Paediatrics, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine,
commemorates the anniversary with a look back at
the various stamp issues that show those who fought
against this terrible disease and some famous names
of those who fell victim to it.
The story of smallpox eradication starts with the artificial introduction of the infection as an inoculum or vaccine, intended to produce immunity in the host. The principle of vaccination
was based on an initial experiment by Doctor Edward Jenner (1749–1823) who inoculated a boy in Berkley, England, on 14 May 1796 with material taken from cowpox sores. Cowpox was a minor disease often contracted by milkmaids from cows, and which seemed to induce immunity to smallpox, although no one knew why. The terms vaccine and vaccination are derived from Variolae vaccinae (variolae meaning smallpox and vacca a cow), which was a word usage devised by Jenner to denote his vaccine’s origin from cowpox.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Infectious Viral Skin Diseases > WC 570 Infectious viral skin diseases
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Infectious Viral Skin Diseases > WC 585 Smallpox
WZ History of Medicine. Medical Miscellany > Miscellany Relating to Medicine > WZ 308 Curiosities
WZ History of Medicine. Medical Miscellany > Miscellany Relating to Medicine > WZ 348 Medical illustration
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Education
Depositing User: Marie Hatton
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2020 09:59
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2020 09:59
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/13753

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