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Demonstration of resistance to satyrization behavior in Aedes aegypti from La Réunion island

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Maïga, Hamidou, Gilles, Jérémie R. L., Lees, Rosemary ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4232-9125, Yamada, Hanano and Bouyer, Jérémy (2020) 'Demonstration of resistance to satyrization behavior in Aedes aegypti from La Réunion island'. Parasite-Journal De La Societe Francaise De Parasitologie, Vol 27, Issue 22.

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Abstract

Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are competent vectors of arboviruses such as dengue and chikungunya viruses which co-exist in some areas including La Réunion island. A kind of reproductive interference called satyrization has been described in sympatric species where a dominant species tends to control the spread of the other species. Here, we investigated satyrization in laboratory experiments to provide insights on the potential impact on Ae. aegypti of a control campaign including a sterile insect technique component against Ae. albopictus. Different mating crosses were used to test sympatric, conspecific-interspecific and allopatric effects of irradiated and non-irradiated male Ae. albopictus on female Ae. aegypti, including in a situation of skewed male ratio. Our results suggest that there was only a low level of satyrization between sympatric populations of Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus colonised from La Réunion island. A male Ae. albopictus to female Ae. aegypti ratio of 3:1 did not increase the level of satyrization. Female Ae. aegypti previously mated to male Ae. albopictus were not prevented from being inseminated by conspecific male Ae. aegypti. A satyrization effect was not seen between allopatric Ae. albopictus and Ae. aegypti strains from La Réunion Island either. The tested Ae. aegypti strain from La Réunion island has therefore developed full resistance to satyrization and so releasing sterile male Ae. albopictus may not suppress Ae. aegypti populations if an overflooding of irradiated male Ae. albopictus leads to similar results. The management strategy of two competent species in a sympatric area is discussed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QX Parasitology > QX 4 General works
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 500 Insects
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 515 Anopheles
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 525 Aedes
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1051/parasite/2020020
Depositing User: Samantha Sheldrake
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2020 11:38
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2020 11:38
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/13777

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