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The molecular basis of antibiotic treatment failure in chronic urinary tract infections

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Del Fatti, Claudio, Jafari, Nazila, Hubbard, Alasdair ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6668-9179, Khasriya, Rajvinder, Roberts, Adam ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0760-3088 and Rohn, Jennifer L. (2020) 'The molecular basis of antibiotic treatment failure in chronic urinary tract infections' in Microbes in Medicine Meeting 2019.

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Abstract

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are amongst the most common infections worldwide, and are becoming increasingly difficult to treat. In addition to the acceleration of classic antimicrobial resistance, recurrence after initial resolution is common. Our clinical experience is that chronically infected patients sometimes fail to respond to antibiotics predicted to be effective from culture-based sensitivity testing, while antibiotics predicted to be unsuitable can succeed. We hypothesized that the bladder environment could lead to differential bacterial gene expression, resulting in differences in minimum inhibitory concentration (MICs) compared with standard culture.

Here, using strains of Escherichia coli evolved in the lab to be resistant to amoxicillin–clavulanic acid, we present data that MICs differ depending on which media the assay is performed in (M9, ISO, LB, human urine), as well as in urine-containing supernatant enriched from urothelial organoids. Next, we examined the behaviour of patient-derived Enterococcus faecalis, one of the main causative agents of chronic UTIs in the elderly. We are in the process of evaluating the MIC of first-line UTI antibiotics using growth media supplemented with urine, to more closely mimic the native uropathogen environment. Moreover, we are characterising the resistance genes expressed in those differing environments using next generation sequencing technology and comparing the results with those obtained from bacteria grown on standard diagnostic media.

Our work demonstrates the danger of extrapolating biological behaviour from artificial culture substrates and may lead to better diagnostic tests and treatments for chronic UTI.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: QV Pharmacology > Anti-Bacterial Agents. Tissue Extracts > QV 350 Anti-bacterial agents (General or not elsewhere classified)
WJ Urogenital System > WJ 151 Urinary tract infections
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Department of Tropical Disease Biology
Depositing User: Cathy Waldron
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2020 15:22
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2020 15:24
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/13792

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