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How do decision-makers use evidence in community health policy and financing decisions? A qualitative study and conceptual framework in four African countries

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Bruce Kumar, Meghan, Taegtmeyer, Miriam ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5377-2536, Madon, Jason, Ndima, Sozinho, Chikaphupha, Kingsley, Kia, Aschenaki and Barasa, Edwine (2020) 'How do decision-makers use evidence in community health policy and financing decisions? A qualitative study and conceptual framework in four African countries'. Health Policy And Planning. (In Press)

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Abstract

Various investments could help countries deliver on the universal health coverage (UHC) goals set by the global community; community health is a pillar of many national strategies toward UHC. Yet despite resource mobilisation toward this end, little is known about the potential costs and value of these investments, as well as how evidence on the same would be used in related decisions. This
qualitative study was conducted to understand the use of evidence in policy and financing decisions for large-scale community health programmes in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).
Through key informant interviews with 43 respondents in countries with community health embedded in national UHC strategies (Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique) and at global institutions, we investigated evidence use in community health financing and policy decision making, as well as evidentiary needs related to community health data for decision making. We found that evidence use is limited at all levels, in part due to a perceived lack of high-quality, relevant evidence. This perception stems from two main areas: first, desire for local evidence that reflects the context;
second, much existing economic evidence does not deal with what decision makers value when it comes to community health systems – that is, coverage and (to a lesser extent) quality. Beyond the
evidence gap, there is limited capacity to assess and use the evidence. Elected officials also face political challenges to disinvestment as well as structural obstacles to evidence use, including the outsized influence of donor priorities. Evaluation data must to speak to decision maker interests and constraints more directly, alongside financiers of community health providing explicit guidance and
support on the role of evidence use in decision making, empowering national decision makers. Improved data quality, increased relevance of evidence and capacity for evidence use can drive improved efficiency of financing and evidence-based policymaking.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: W General Medicine. Health Professions > W 74 Medical economics. Health care costs
WA Public Health > WA 20.5 Research (General)
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > International Public Health Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1093/heapol/czaa027
Depositing User: Rachel Dominguez
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2020 11:49
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2020 10:30
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/14195

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