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Socio-economic status, smoking during pregnancy and birth outcomes: an analysis of cross-sectional community studies in Liverpool (1993-2001)

Delpisheh, Ali, Kelly, Yvonne, Rizwan, S. and Brabin, Bernard (2006) 'Socio-economic status, smoking during pregnancy and birth outcomes: an analysis of cross-sectional community studies in Liverpool (1993-2001)'. Journal of Child Health Care, Vol 10, Issue 2, pp. 140-148.

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Abstract

Objective: To assess the influence of socio-economic status on pregnancy outcomes in smoking mothers. Study design: Retrospective analysis. Methods: Parent-completed questionnaires addressing pregnancy smoking patterns and birth outcomes. Were distributed via children aged 5-11 years attending 10 primary schools in Merseyside. Data from three communitybased cross-sectional surveys undertaken in 1993, 1998 and 2001 were analysed. Townsend score was used as an indicator of household socioeconomic status. Results: 82.2 percent (n = 3730) of respondents were classified as low (disadvantaged) socio-economic status. One-third of mothers smoked during pregnancy and this proportion was significantly higher among disadvantaged than advantaged categories (37.7% versus 14.6%; p < 0.001). The logistic regression analysis showed that only maternal smoking during preg-nancy was a significant risk factor for adverse birth outcomes when socioeconomic variables were controlled. Conclusion: Birth outcomes were worse in babies of smoking mothers during pregnancy independent of household's socio-economic status.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: low birthweight, pregnancy, smoking, socio-economic
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 30 Socioeconomic factors in public health (General)
WQ Obstetrics > Pregnancy > WQ 200 General works
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Child & Reproductive Health Group
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1177/1367493506062553
Depositing User: Sarah Lewis-Newton
Date Deposited: 24 May 2011 15:56
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:01
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/1473

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