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Lessons Learned from an Underreported Mumps Epidemic Among Rohingya Refugees, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh

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Mair, Luke, Relan, Pryanka, Hamilton, David Oliver, Al-Noman, Abdullah- and O'Dempsey, Tim ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9596-9687 (2020) 'Lessons Learned from an Underreported Mumps Epidemic Among Rohingya Refugees, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh'. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol 114, Issue 9, pp. 635-638.

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Abstract

Background: In 2018 a large mumps epidemic coincided with an outbreak of diphtheria in refugee camps established in Bangladesh for the Rohingya people. These refugees did not receive a mumps containing vaccine.
Methods: Cases of mumps were reported to the World Health Organisation (WHO) Early Warning, Alert and Response System (EWARS) during the Rohingya refugee crisis. The authors present amalgamated epidemiological data of a major, previously unreported, mumps epidemic.
Results: In total 19 215 mumps cases across a total of 218 facilities were reported to EWARS during 2018. The attack rate was 2.1% of the whole population. 7 687 (40·0%) of these cases were in children under 5 years old. Mumps was more commonly seen among males than females.
Conclusion: Detailed reporting of outbreaks of all vaccine preventable diseases is essential to ensure appropriate vaccination decisions can be made in future humanitarian crises.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 105 Epidemiology
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 300 General. Refugees
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Viral Respiratory Tract Infections. Respirovirus Infections > WC 520 Mumps
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1093/trstmh/traa048
Depositing User: Claire McIntyre
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2020 13:09
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2020 11:49
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/14917

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