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Odorant binding proteins promote flight activity in the migratory insect, Helicoverpa armigera

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Wang, Shang, Minter, Melissa, Homem, Rafael A, Michaelson, Louise V, Venthur, Herbet, Lim, Ka S, Withers, Amy, Xi, Jinghui, Jones, Chris ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6504-6224 and Zhou, Jing-Jiang (2020) 'Odorant binding proteins promote flight activity in the migratory insect, Helicoverpa armigera'. Molecular Ecology. (In Press)

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Abstract

Migratory insects are capable of actively sustaining powered flight for several hours. This extraordinary phenomenon requires a highly efficient transport system to cope with the energetic demands placed on the flight muscles. Here, we provide evidence that the role of the hydrophobic ligand binding of odorant binding proteins (OBPs) extends beyond their typical function in the olfactory system to support insect flight activity via lipid-interactions. Transcriptomic and candidate gene analyses show that two phylogenetically clustered OBPs (OBP3/OBP6) are consistently over-expressed in adult moths of the migrant Old-World bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera, displaying sustained flight performance in flight activity bioassays. Tissue-specific over-expression of OBP6 was observed in the antennae, head and thorax in long-fliers of H. armigera. Transgenic Drosophila flies over-expressing a H. armigera transcript of OBP6 (HarmOBP6) in the flight muscle attained higher flight speeds on a modified tethered flight system. Quantification of lipid molecules using mass-spectrometry showed a depletion of triacylglyerol and phospholipids in flown moths. Protein homology models built from the crystal structure of a fatty acid carrier protein identified the binding site of OBP3 and OBP6 for hydrophobic ligand binding with both proteins exhibiting a stronger average binding affinity with TAG and phospholipids compared with other groups of ligands. We propose that HarmOBP3 and HarmOBP6 contribute to the flight capacity of a globally invasive and highly migratory noctuid moth, and in doing so, extend the function of this group of proteins beyond their typical role as chemosensory proteins in insects.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 560 Lepidoptera (Moths. Butterflies)
WL Nervous System > Sense Organs > WL 700 General works
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.15556
Depositing User: Mel Finley
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2020 09:57
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2020 09:16
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/15158

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