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Effective control of dengue vectors with curtains and water container covers treated with insecticide in Mexico and Venezuela: cluster randomised trials

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Kroeger, Axel, Lenhart, Audrey, Ochoa, M., Villegas, E., Levy, M., Alexander, N. and McCall, Philip ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0007-3985 (2006) 'Effective control of dengue vectors with curtains and water container covers treated with insecticide in Mexico and Venezuela: cluster randomised trials'. British Medical Journal (BMJ), Vol 332, Issue 7552, 1247-1250A.

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Abstract

Objectives To measure the impact on the dengue vector population (Aedes aegypti) and disease transmission of window curtains and water container covers treated with insecticide.
Design Cluster randomised controlled trial based on entomological surveys and, for TruJillo only, serological survey. In addition, each site had a non-randomised external control.
Setting 18 urban sectors in Veracruz (Mexico) and 18 in Trujillo (Venezuela).
Participants 4743 inhabitants (1095 houses) in Veracruz and 5306 inhabitants (1122 houses) in Trujillo.
Intervention Sectors were paired according to entomological indices, and one sector in each pair was randomly allocated to receive treatment. In Veracruz, the intervention comprised curtains treated with lambdacyhalothrin and water treatment with pyriproxyfen chips (an insect growth regulator). In Trujillo, the intervention comprised curtains treated with longlasting deltamethrin (PermaNet) plus water jar covers of the same material. Follow-up surveys were conducted at intervals, with the final survey after 12 months in Veracruz and nine months in Trujillo.
Main outcome measures Reduction in entomological indices, specifically the Breteau and house indices.
Results In both study sites, indices at the end of the trial were significantly lower than those at baseline, though with no significant differences between control and intervention arms. The mean Breteau index dropped from 60% (intervention clusters) and 113% (control) to 7% (intervention) and 12% (control) in Veracruz mid from 38% to 11% (intervention) and from 34% to 17% (control) in Trujillo. The pupae per person and container indices showed similar patterns. hi contrast, in nearby communities not in die trial die entomological indices followed the rainfall pattern. The intervention reduced mosquito, populations in neighbouring control clusters (spill-over effect); and houses closer to treated houses were less likely to have infestations than those further away. This created a community effect whereby mosquito numbers were reduced throughout the study site. The observed effects were probably associated with the use of materials treated with insecticide at both sites because in Veracruz, people did not accept and use the pyriproxyfen chips.
Conclusion Window curtains and domestic water container covers treated with insecticide can reduce densities of dengue vectors to low levels and potentially affect dengue transmission.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: aedes-aegypti bed nets western kenya transmission dispersal
Subjects: QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 650 Insect vectors
WA Public Health > Preventive Medicine > WA 110 Prevention and control of communicable diseases. Transmission of infectious diseases
WA Public Health > Preventive Medicine > WA 240 Disinfection. Disinfestation. Pesticides (including diseases caused by)
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Infectious Mononucleosis. Arbovirus Infections > WC 528 Dengue
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.332.7552.1247
Depositing User: Sarah Lewis-Newton
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2011 16:01
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2019 14:11
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/1531

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