LSTM Home > LSTM Research > LSTM Online Archive

The Role of Diabetes Mellitus as an Effect Modifier of the Association Between Smoking Cessation and Its Clinical Prognoses: An Observational Cohort Study

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Wang, Yang, Tse, Lap Ah, Li, Guangwei, Yin, Lu, Chen, Tao ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5489-6450, Zhao, Yanyan, Xu, Box, Xian, Ying and Li, Wei (2020) 'The Role of Diabetes Mellitus as an Effect Modifier of the Association Between Smoking Cessation and Its Clinical Prognoses: An Observational Cohort Study'. Angiology.

[img] Text
Manuscript-20200717 Tao Chen Diabetes Sept 20.docx - Accepted Version

Download (88kB)

Abstract

The smoker’s paradox refers to an increased risk of adverse clinical outcomes after smoking cessation in patients with coronary artery disease. The mechanisms involved are controversial. The present study evaluated the effect of delay in smoking cessation on clinical outcomes among patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) stratified by diabetes mellitus (DM). Patients included in this study came from an established Fu Wai hospital PCI cohort. Smoking behavior was recorded; clinical end points included all-cause mortality and repeat revascularization. The analyses were based on 8489 smokers who underwent PCI. Patients with and without DM were examined separately. Multivariable model analysis suggested that smoking cessation was associated with significant lower all-cause mortality both for non-DM and DM patients. The smoking paradox was observed for revascularization. However, the increased risk of repeat revascularization correlated with quitting time among non-DM patients only, especially if they stopped smoking late (>90 days) after their index procedure (adjusted hazard ratio, 3.40; 95% CI: 2.45-4.72). In conclusion, smoking cessation is associated with a lower mortality rate for PCI patients. However, the relative benefit on repeated revascularization was only observed among non-DM patients if they quit smoking early.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health > Air pollution > WA 754 Pollution and pollutants (incl. tobacco pollution; passive smoking)
WK Endocrine System > WK 810 Diabetes mellitus
WM Psychiatry > WM 100 General works
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1177/0003319720949784
Depositing User: Christine Bradbury
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2020 13:39
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2020 13:39
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/15488

Statistics

View details

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item