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Rapid Scale-Up of Long-Lasting Insecticide-Treated Bed Nets through Integration into the National Immunization Program during Child Health Week in Togo, 2004

Wolkon, Adam, Vanden Eng, Jodi L, Morgah, Kodjo, Eliades, M. James, Thwing, Julie, Terlouw, Anja, Takpa, Vincent, Dare, Aboudou, Sodahlon, Yao K, Doumanou, Yao, Hightower, Allen W, Lama, Marcel, Thawani, Neeta, Slutsker, Laurence and Hawley, William A (2010) 'Rapid Scale-Up of Long-Lasting Insecticide-Treated Bed Nets through Integration into the National Immunization Program during Child Health Week in Togo, 2004'. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol 83, Issue 5, pp. 1014-1019.

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Abstract

In December 2004, Togo was the first country to conduct a nationwide free insecticide-treated net (ITN)
distribution as part of its National Integrated Child Health Campaign. Community-based cross-sectional surveys were conducted one and nine months post-campaign as part of a multidisciplinary evaluation of the nationwide distribution of ITNs to children 9–59 months of age to evaluate ITN ownership, equity, and use. Our results demonstrated that at one month post-campaign, 93.1% of all eligible children received an ITN. Household ITN ownership and equity increased significantly post-campaign. Nine months post-campaign, 78.6% of households with a child eligible to participate in the campaign retained at least one campaign net. Use by eligible children was 43.5% at one month post-campaign (during the dry season) and 52.9% at nine months post-campaign (during the rainy season). Household ownership of at least one ITN increased from 8.0% pre-campaign to 62.5% one month post-campaign. Together, these findings demonstrate that in this setting, increased household ITN ownership, equity, and retention can be achieved on a national scale through free ITN distribution during an integrated campaign.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 600 Insect control. Tick control
WA Public Health > Preventive Medicine > WA 115 Immunization
WA Public Health > Preventive Medicine > WA 240 Disinfection. Disinfestation. Pesticides (including diseases caused by)
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Child & Reproductive Health Group
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2010.09-0599
Depositing User: Helen Wong
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2010 16:16
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:02
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/1696

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