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Seroepidemiology of hepatitis A and hepatitis E viruses in Aden, Yemen

Bawazir, AA, Hart, C. Anthony, Sallam, TA, Parry, CM, Beeching, Nicholas ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7019-8791 and Cuevas, Luis ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6581-0587 (2010) 'Seroepidemiology of hepatitis A and hepatitis E viruses in Aden, Yemen'. Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol 104, Issue 12, pp. 801-805.

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Abstract

The burden of hepatitis A (HAV) and hepatitis E (HEV) infection is unknown in Aden, Yemen. This survey describes the prevalence of antibodies against HAV and HEV among individuals attending primary health care facilities in Aden, Yemen. Five hundred and thirty eight participants, stratified by age and district population size, were enrolled and screened for anti-HAV and 356 for anti-HEV antibodies. The age-standardized seroprevalence of antibodies was 86.6% (95% CI 83.7-89.5) for anti-HAV and 10.7% (95% CI 7.5-13.9) for anti-HEV. The prevalence of anti-HAV and anti-HEV ranged from 53% and 0% in infants to 100% and 15.3% in participants >18 years old, respectively (P<0.001). Viral hepatitis remains a major public health problem in Aden with trends of hyperendemicity for both infections. Priority should be given to improve water quality, sanitation coverage, and food hygiene and increase public health awareness concerning the risk of contracting infection.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Viral hepatitis, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis E, Seroepidemiology, Aden, Yemen
Subjects: WB Practice of Medicine > Medical Climatology > WB 710 Diseases of geographic areas
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers. Other Virus Diseases > WC 536 Human viral hepatitis
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Child & Reproductive Health Group
Groups (2002 - 2012) > Clinical Group
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trstmh.2010.08.007
Depositing User: Users 43 not found.
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2011 11:23
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:02
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/1707

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