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Exploiting the potential of vector control for disease prevention

Townson, Harold, Nathan, M. B., Zaim, M., Guillet, P., Manga, L., Bos, R. and Kindhauser, M. (2005) 'Exploiting the potential of vector control for disease prevention'. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Vol 83, Issue 12, pp. 942-947.

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Abstract

Although vector control has proven highly effective in preventing disease transmission, it is not being used to its full potential, thereby depriving disadvantaged populations of the benefits of well tried and tested methods. Following the discovery of synthetic residual insecticides in the 1940s, large-scale programmes succeeded in bringing many of the important vector-borne diseases under control. By the late 1960s, most vector-borne diseases - with the exception of malaria in Africa - were no longer considered to be of primary public health importance. The result was that control programmes lapsed, resources dwindled, and specialists in vector control disappeared from public health units, within two decades, many important vector-borne diseases had re-emerged or spread to new areas. The time has come to restore vector control to its key role in the prevention of disease transmission, albeit with an increased emphasis on multiple measures, whether pesticide-based or involving environmental modification, and with a strengthened managerial and operational capacity. Integrated vector management provides a sound conceptual framework for deployment of cost-effective and sustainable methods of vector control. This approach allows for full consideration of the complex determinants of disease transmission, including local disease ecology, the role of human activity in increasing risks of disease transmission, and the socioeconomic conditions of affected communities.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: insect control insect vectors community networks intersectoral cooperation millennium development goals visceral leishmaniasis impregnated bednets malaria control insecticide transmission filariasis management africa 1990s
Subjects: QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 600 Insect control. Tick control
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 650 Insect vectors
WA Public Health > Preventive Medicine > WA 110 Prevention and control of communicable diseases. Transmission of infectious diseases
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Vector Group
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Ms Julia Martin
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2011 14:48
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:02
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/1865

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