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Endogenousand exogenous transplacental infection in Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii

Trees, Alexander J. and Williams, Diana J.L. (2005) 'Endogenousand exogenous transplacental infection in Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii'. Trends in Parasitology, Vol 21, Issue 12, pp. 558-561.

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Abstract

It is clear from researching the vertical transmission of Neospora caninum in cattle that the terms 'vertical', 'congenital' and, indeed, 'transplacental' are inadequate for describing two extremely different situations that have fundamentally different immunological, epidemiological and control implications. A similar situation pertains to Toxoplasma gondii in different hosts. We advocate the use of the terms 'endogenous transplacental infection (TPI)' to define foetal infection from a recrudescent maternal infection acquired before pregnancy (and probably prenatally) and 'exogenous TPI' to define foetal infection that occurs as a result of an infection of the dam during pregnancy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: prevent lamb losses dairy-cattle vertical transmission congenital toxoplasmosis protective immunity ovine abortion balb/c mice sheep cows vaccine
Subjects: QX Parasitology > Protozoa > QX 50 Protozoa
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Veterinary Parasitology Group (2002-2008)
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pt.2005.09.005
Depositing User: Ms Julia Martin
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2011 09:40
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:03
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/1976

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