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Antibody zymography: a novel adaptation of zymography to determine the protease-neutralising potential of specific antibodies and snake antivenoms

Hasson, S.S., Theakston, R.David G. and Harrison, Robert (2004) 'Antibody zymography: a novel adaptation of zymography to determine the protease-neutralising potential of specific antibodies and snake antivenoms'. Journal of Immunological Methods, Vol 292, Issue 1-2, pp. 131-139.

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Abstract

A common problem in the development of antibody-based therapeutics is the selection, usually from a large population, of specific antibodies with the desired function. One of our research objectives is to identify antibodies capable of neutralising the most important haemorrhagic and haemostasis-disruptive proteases from viper venom. Here, we describe a modification of conventional gelatin-zymograpby that permits the identification of antibodies capable of neutralising gelatinolytic proteases. We demonstrate that the gelatinolytic activity of viper venom proteases is neutralised by addition of viper antivenom to the matrix of conventional gelatin-zymograms. Venom protein gelatinolytic activity was unaffected by inclusion of antibody from control, non-immunised animals or immunoglobulin-depleted serum. The application of this antibody zymogram technique for future research on snake venoms is evaluated in the context of identified limitations. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: snake venom zymography gelatin antibody-neutralisation viper antivenom sodium dodecyl-sulfate hemorrhagic activity molecular-cloning cross-reactivity venom echis metalloproteinases serum phospholipases inhibitors
Subjects: QW Microbiology and Immunology > Antigens and Antibodies. Toxins and Antitoxins > QW 575 Antibodies
WD Disorders of Systemic, Metabolic or Environmental Origin, etc > Animal Poisons > WD 400 General works
WD Disorders of Systemic, Metabolic or Environmental Origin, etc > Animal Poisons > WD 410 Reptiles
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Molecular & Biochemical Parasitology Group
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jim.2004.06.004
Depositing User: Sarah Lewis-Newton
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2012 11:27
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:03
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/2176

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