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Vulnerability to malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS infection and disease. Part 1: determinants operating at individual and household level

Bates, Imelda ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0862-8199, Fenton, C., Gruber, J., Lalloo, David ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7680-2200, Lara, Antonieta M., Squire, Bertie ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7173-9038, Theobald, Sally ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9053-211X, Thomson, Rachael and Tolhurst, Rachel (2004) 'Vulnerability to malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS infection and disease. Part 1: determinants operating at individual and household level'. Lancet Infectious Diseases, Vol 4, Issue 5, pp. 267-277.

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Abstract

A high burden of malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV infection contributes to national and individual poverty. We have reviewed a broad range of evidence detailing factors at individual, household, and community levels that influence vulnerability to malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV infection and used this evidence to identify strategies that could improve resilience to these diseases. This first part of the review explores the concept of vulnerability to infectious diseases and examines how age, sex, and genetics can influence the biological response to malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV infection. We highlight factors that influence processes such as poverty, livelihoods, gender discrepancies, and knowledge acquisition and provide examples of how approaches to altering these processes may have a simultaneous effect on all three diseases.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sub-saharan africa immunodeficiency-virus-infection hiv-infection pulmonary tuberculosis plasmodium-falciparum randomized-trial risk-factors mycobacterium-tuberculosis vertical transmission socioeconomic-status
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 30 Socioeconomic factors in public health (General)
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV Infections > WC 503 Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. HIV infections
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 750 Malaria
WF Respiratory System > Tuberculosis > WF 200 Tuberculosis (General)
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Clinical Group
Groups (2002 - 2012) > Disease Control Strategy Group
Groups (2002 - 2012) > International Health Group
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(04)01002-3
Depositing User: Martin Chapman
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2012 17:39
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2019 08:21
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/2197

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