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Participatory Mapping as a Component of Operational Malaria Vector Control in Tanzania

Dongus, Stefan, Mwakalinga, Victoria, Kannady, Khadija, Tanner, Marcel and Killeen, Gerry (2011) 'Participatory Mapping as a Component of Operational Malaria Vector Control in Tanzania' in: Maantay, J A and McLafferty, S, (eds) Geospatial Analysis of Environmental Health, Netherlands, Springer Science and Business Media BV, pp. 321-336.

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Abstract

Global efforts to tackle malaria have gained unprecedented momentum. However, in order to move towards the ambitious goal of eliminating and eventually eradicating malaria, existing tools must be improved and new tools developed. The City of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, is home to the first operational communitybased larviciding programme targeting malaria vectors in modern Africa. In an
attempt to optimize the accuracy of the application of larvicides, a participatory mapping and monitoring approach was introduced that includes (1) communitybased development of sketch maps of the target areas, and (2) verification of
the sketch maps using laminated aerial photographs in the field which are later digitized and analyzed using Geographical Information Systems (GIS). The participatory
mapping approach developed enables gap-free coverage of targeted areas with mosquito larval habitat control, and more equal distribution of the workload of field staff. The procedure has been tested, validated and successfully applied in 56 km2 of the city area. Currently, the approach is being scaled up to an area of about eight times that size, thus covering most of the urban area of Dar es
Salaam. The procedure is simple, straightforward, replicable and at relatively low cost. It requires only minimal technical skills and equipment. In the case of Dar
es Salaam, the resulting database provides a spatial resolution of administrative boundaries that is almost 50 times higher than that of previously available data.
This level of detail can be very useful for a wide range of other purposes rather than merely malaria control, for example implementation of council programmes in a variety of sectors and spatially-explicit analyses for research and evaluation purposes.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: W General Medicine. Health Professions > W 26.5 Informatics. Health informatics
WA Public Health > Preventive Medicine > WA 110 Prevention and control of communicable diseases. Transmission of infectious diseases
WA Public Health > Preventive Medicine > WA 240 Disinfection. Disinfestation. Pesticides (including diseases caused by)
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WB Practice of Medicine > Medical Climatology > WB 710 Diseases of geographic areas
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 750 Malaria
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 765 Prevention and control
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Vector Group
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0329-2
Depositing User: Users 183 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2012 16:39
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:03
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/2334

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