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The molecular basis of folate salvage in Plasmodium falciparum: Characterization of two folate transporters.

Salcedo, Enrique, Ochong, Edwin, Beveridge, Susan, Johnson, David, Nzila, Alexis, Biagini, Giancarlo ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6356-6595, Stocks, Paul A., O'Neill, Paul M, Krishna, Sanjeev, Bray, Patrick and Ward, Stephen ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2331-3192 (2011) 'The molecular basis of folate salvage in Plasmodium falciparum: Characterization of two folate transporters.'. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol 286, Issue 52, pp. 44659-44668.

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Abstract

Tetrahydrofolates are essential cofactors for DNA synthesis and methionine metabolism. Malaria parasites are capable both of synthesizing tetrahydrofolates and precursors de novo and of salvaging them from the environment. The biosynthetic route has been studied in some detail over decades whereas the molecular mechanisms that underpin the salvage pathway lag behind. Here we identify two functional folate transporters (named PfFT1 and PfFT2) and delineate unexpected substrate preferences of the folate salvage pathway in P. falciparum. Both proteins are localized in the plasma membrane and internal membranes of the parasite intra-erythrocytic stages. Transport substrates include folic acid, folinic acid, the folate precursor pABA and the human folate catabolite pABAG(n). Intriguingly the major circulating plasma folate, 5-methyl tetrahydofolate was a poor substrate for transport via PfFT2 and was not transported by PfFT1. Transport of all folates studied was inhibited by probenecid and methotrexate. Growth rescue in E. coli and antifolate antagonism experiments in P. falciparum indicate that functional salvage of 5-methyl tetrahydrofolate is detectable but trivial. In fact pABA was the only effective salvage substrate at normal physiological levels. Since pABA is neither synthesized nor required by the human host, pABA metabolism may offer opportunities for chemotherapeutic intervention.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QV Pharmacology > Anti-Inflammatory Agents. Anti-Infective Agents. Antineoplastic Agents > QV 256 Antimalarials
QX Parasitology > Protozoa > QX 135 Plasmodia
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 750 Malaria
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Molecular & Biochemical Parasitology Group
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M111.286054
Depositing User: Mary Creegan
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2012 15:25
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:04
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/2458

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