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HIV and respiratory infections in children

Graham, Stephen (2003) 'HIV and respiratory infections in children'. Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine, Vol 9, Issue 3, pp. 215-220.

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Abstract

Respiratory disease is a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in children infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This review highlights recent data and developments that relate to the impact of HIV on respiratory infections particularly in African children. Autopsy and clinical studies continue to show that bacterial pneumonia and Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP) are common respiratory infections and causes of death in regions where antiretroviral therapy and PCP prophylaxis are not routinely practiced. Recent studies of Zambian and South African children showed that pulmonary tuberculosis is more common in HIV-infected children than was previously recognized. The trial of bacterial conjugate vaccines in Johannesburg will provide important information of efficacy in an HIV endemic population. Prospective clinical descriptive and intervention studies are needed from different regions to guide clinical management and prevention of respiratory infections in HIV-infected children living in resource-poor countries. (C) 2003 Lippincott Williams Wilkins.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV Infections > WC 503 Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. HIV infections
WS Pediatrics > Diseases of Children and Adolescents > By System > WS 280 Respiratory system
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1097/00063198-200305000-00010
Depositing User: Users 494 not found.
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2013 16:22
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2018 14:55
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/2555

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