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Sequence variation of PfEMP1-DBL alpha in association with rosette formation in Plasmodium falciparum isolates causing severe and uncomplicated malaria

Horata, N., Kalambaheti, T., Craig, Alister and Khusmith, S. (2009) 'Sequence variation of PfEMP1-DBL alpha in association with rosette formation in Plasmodium falciparum isolates causing severe and uncomplicated malaria'. Malaria Journal, Vol 8, p. 184.

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Abstract

Background: Rosetting and cytoadherence of Plasmodium falciparum-infected red blood cells have been associated with severity of malaria. ICAM-1 and CD36 are the main host cell receptors, while PfEMP1-DBL alpha is a major parasite ligand, which can contribute to rosette formation. This study is aimed at demonstrating whether the highly polymorphic PfEMP1-DBL alpha sequences occurring among Thai isolates causing severe and uncomplicated malaria are associated with their ability to form rosettes and reflected the clinical outcome of the patients. Methods: Two hundred and ninety five PfEMP1-DBL alpha sequences from Thai clinical isolates causing severe and uncomplicated malaria were evaluated by sequencing and direct comparison using the specific text string analysis functions in Microsoft Excel and Perl. The relationships between the PfEMP1-DBL alpha sequences were also analysed by network analysis. The binding abilities of parasitized red blood cells (PRBCs) to CD36, wild type ICAM-1, ICAM-1Kilifi and ICAM-1S22/A under static condition were included. Results: Two hundred and eighty one non-identical amino acid sequences were identified (< 95% sequence identity). When the distributions of semi-conserved features (PoLV1-4 and sequence group) within the rosetting domain PfEMP1-DBL alpha were observed, close similarity was found between isolates from the two disease groups. The sequence group 1 representing uncomplicated malaria was significantly different from the sequence group 3 representing the majority of severe malaria (p = 0.027). By using a simple non-phylogenetic approach to visualize the sharing of polymorphic blocks (position specific polymorphic block, PSPB) and cys/PoLV among DBL alpha sequences, the sequence group 1 was split from the other five sequence groups. The isolates belonging to sequence group 5 gave the highest mean rosetting rate (21.31%). However, within sequence group 2 and group 6, the isolates causing severe malaria had significantly higher rosetting rate than those causing uncomplicated malaria (p = 0.014, p = 0.007, respectively). Conclusion: This is the first report of PfEMP1-DBL alpha analysis in clinical Thai isolates using semi-conserved features (cys/PoLV and PSPBs). The cys/PoLV group 5 gave the highest rosetting rate. PfEMP1-DBL alpha domains in Thai isolates are highly diverse, however, clinical isolates from severe and uncomplicated malaria shared common sequences.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Intercellula-adhesion molecule-1 Human cerebral malaria Gene-transcription Asexual blood stages Infected erythrocytes Cytoadherence characteristics Antigenic variation Endothelial-cells Flow conditions ICAM-1
Subjects: QX Parasitology > Protozoa > QX 135 Plasmodia
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 750 Malaria
QY Clinical Pathology > Blood. Blood Chemistry > QY 450 Blood chemistry
QY Clinical Pathology > Blood. Blood Chemistry > QY 402 Cellular elements
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Molecular & Biochemical Parasitology Group
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-8-184
Depositing User: Mary Creegan
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2010 14:12
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 12:59
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/287

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