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The multiplicity of malaria transmission: a review of entomological inoculation rate measurements and methods across sub-Saharan Africa

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Kelly-Hope, Louise ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3330-7629 and McKenzie, F. E. (2009) 'The multiplicity of malaria transmission: a review of entomological inoculation rate measurements and methods across sub-Saharan Africa'. Malaria Journal, Vol 8, Issue 10.118.

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Abstract

Plasmodium falciparum malaria is a serious tropical disease that causes more than one million deaths each year, most of them in Africa. It is transmitted by a range of Anopheles mosquitoes and the risk of disease varies greatly across the continent. The "entomological inoculation rate" is the commonly-used measure of the intensity of malaria transmission, yet the methods used are currently not standardized, nor do they take the ecological, demographic, and socioeconomic differences across populations into account. To better understand the multiplicity of malaria transmission, this study examines the distribution of transmission intensity across sub-Saharan Africa, reviews the range of methods used, and explores ecological parameters in selected locations. It builds on an extensive geo-referenced database and uses geographical information systems to highlight transmission patterns, knowledge gaps, trends and changes in methodologies over time, and key differences between land use, population density, climate, and the main mosquito species. The aim is to improve the methods of measuring malaria transmission, to help develop the way forward so that we can better assess the impact of the large-scale intervention programmes, and rapid demographic and environmental change taking place across Africa.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: linked-immunosorbent-assay plasmodium-falciparum transmission sampling anopheline mosquitos human landing catch control light trap western kenya afrotropical anopheles sporozoite detection holoendemic area field-evaluation entomological inoculation rate
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 30 Socioeconomic factors in public health (General)
WA Public Health > WA 20.5 Research (General)
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 680 Tropical diseases (General)
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 750 Malaria
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 650 Insect vectors
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 515 Anopheles
WB Practice of Medicine > Medical Climatology > WB 710 Diseases of geographic areas
WB Practice of Medicine > Medical Climatology > WB 700 Medical climatology. Geography of disease
WA Public Health > Preventive Medicine > WA 110 Prevention and control of communicable diseases. Transmission of infectious diseases
QX Parasitology > Protozoa > QX 135 Plasmodia
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 510 Mosquitoes
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 695 Parasitic diseases (General)
WA Public Health > Preventive Medicine > WA 115 Immunization
WA Public Health > WA 105 Epidemiology
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Vector Group
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-8-19
Depositing User: Users 183 not found.
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2010 17:18
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2019 10:54
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/297

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