LSTM Home > LSTM Research > LSTM Online Archive

A CD45 polymorphism associated with abnormal splicing is absent in African populations

Tchilian, E. Z., Dawes, R., Ramaley, P. A., Whitworth, J. A., Yuldasheva, N., Wells, R. S., Watera, C., French, Neil, Gilks, C.F., Kunachiwa, W., Ruzibakiev, R., Leetrakool, N., Carrington, C. V. F., Ramdath, D. D., Gotch, F., Stephens, H. A., Hill, A. V. and Beverley, P. C. L. (2002) 'A CD45 polymorphism associated with abnormal splicing is absent in African populations'. Immunogenetics, Vol 53, Issue 10-11, pp. 980-983.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

The CD45 antigen is essential for normal antigen receptor-mediated signalling in lymphocytes, and different patterns of splicing of CD45 are associated with distinct functions in lymphocytes. Abnormal CD45 splicing has been recognized in humans, caused by a C77G transversion in the gene encoding CD45 (PTPRC). Recently the C77G poly morph ism has been associated with multiple sclerosis and increased susceptibility to HIV-1 infection. These studies suggest that the regulation of CD45 splicing may be critical for the proper function of the immune system. Because of these data we examined the frequency of the C77G allele in African and Asian populations from countries with high or low prevalence of HIV infection. Here we report that the variant CD45 C77G allele is absent in African populations. We further show that populations living in the Pamir mountains of Central Asia have a very high prevalence of the C77G variant.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Genetics > QU 475 Genetic processes
QU Biochemistry > Genetics > QU 500 Genetic phenomena
QW Microbiology and Immunology > Immunity by Type > QW 568 Cellular immunity. Immunologic cytotoxicity. Immunocompetence. Immunologic factors (General)
QW Microbiology and Immunology > Antigens and Antibodies. Toxins and Antitoxins > QW 575 Antibodies
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Clinical Group
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1007/s00251-001-0410-z
Depositing User: Lynn Roberts-Maloney
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2014 13:16
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:05
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/2993

Statistics

View details

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item