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Household air pollution is a major avoidable risk factor for cardiorespiratory disease.

Mortimer, Kevin ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8118-8871, Gordon, Stephen ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6576-1116, Jindal, Surinder K, Accinelli, Roberto A, Balmes, John and Martin, William J (2012) 'Household air pollution is a major avoidable risk factor for cardiorespiratory disease.'. Chest, Vol 142, Issue 5, pp. 1308-15.

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Abstract

Household air pollution (HAP) from biomass fuels, coal, and kerosene burned in open fires, primitive stoves, and lamps causes at least 2 million deaths per year. Many of these deaths occur in children <5 years of age with pneumonia and in women with COPD, lung cancer, and cardiovascular disease. HAP is inextricably linked to poverty, with activities to obtain fuel consuming a large proportion of the time and financial resources of poor households. Thus, fewer resources used in this way means less is available for basic needs like food, education, and health care. The burden of work and the exposure to smoke, particularly during cooking, are predominantly borne by women and children. Although historically HAP has not received sufficient attention from the scientific, medical, public health, development, and policy-making communities, the tide has clearly changed with the broad-based support and launch of the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves in 2010. There is now considerable reason for optimism that this substantial cause of cardiorespiratory morbidity and mortality will be addressed comprehensively and definitively. Drawing on our experience from four continents, we provide background information on the problem of HAP, health impacts of HAP, opportunities for research, and the current best solutions.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QT Physiology > Human Physiology > QT 140 Environmental exposure. Physiological adaptation
QT Physiology > Physiology. Hygiene > QT 230 Lighting. Air. Sunlight. Living space
WA Public Health > WA 30 Socioeconomic factors in public health (General)
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WA Public Health > Sanitation. Environmental Control > General Sanitation and Environmental Control > WA 670 General works
WD Disorders of Systemic, Metabolic or Environmental Origin, etc > Disorders and Injuries of Environmental Origin > WD 600 General works
WF Respiratory System > WF 140 Diseases of the respiratory system (General)
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Clinical Group
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.12-1596
Depositing User: Julie Franco
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2013 11:53
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:06
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/3330

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