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Death following coral snake bite in the United States - First documented case (with ELISA confirmation of envenomation) in over 40 years

Norris, R. L., Pfalzgraf, R. R. and Laing, G. (2009) 'Death following coral snake bite in the United States - First documented case (with ELISA confirmation of envenomation) in over 40 years'. Toxicon, Vol 53, Issue 6, pp. 693-697.

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Abstract

We report the first documented death due to a coral snake (Micrurus species) in the United States (U.S.) in over 40 years. The victim failed to seek medical care following the bite of an eastern coral snake (Micrurus fulvius) and succumbed within hours. Post-mortem proof of envenomation was obtained using an ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) developed specifically for this investigation. U.S. coral snakes are briefly reviewed in terms of their venom compositions, their clinical effects, and proper pre-hospital and hospital management. The clinical significance of the impending absence of commercially available antivenom for coral snake bites in the U.S. is highlighted. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Norris, Robert L. Pfalzgraf, Robert R. Laing, Gavin
Subjects: WD Disorders of Systemic, Metabolic or Environmental Origin, etc > Animal Poisons > WD 400 General works
QV Pharmacology > Toxicology > General Toxicology > QV 600 General works
WD Disorders of Systemic, Metabolic or Environmental Origin, etc > Animal Poisons > WD 410 Reptiles
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Molecular & Biochemical Parasitology Group
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2009.01.032
Depositing User: Mary Creegan
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2010 16:48
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 12:59
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/345

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