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Use of sentinel snails for the detection of Schistosoma haematobium transmission on Zanzibar and observations on transmission patterns

Allan, Fiona, Dunn, Alison M., Emery, Aidan M., Stothard, Russell ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9370-3420, Johnston, David A., Kane, Richard A., Khamis, Alipo N., Mohammed, Khalfan A. and Rollinson, David (2013) 'Use of sentinel snails for the detection of Schistosoma haematobium transmission on Zanzibar and observations on transmission patterns'. Acta Tropica, Vol 128, Issue 2, pp. 234-240.

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Abstract

Urogenital schistosomiasis is an important public health issue in Zanzibar. Transmission of the parasite to the human population is related to the distribution of the intermediate snail host, Bulinus globosus. We measured B. globosus abundance and Schistosoma haematobium prevalence within snails in a series of naturally occurring populations and compared prevalence detected by observing cercarial shedding for patent infections, and by PCR using DraI repeat. A total of 2146 B. globosus were collected throughout the study period from 2003 to 2007; of these 85 (3.96%) were shedding cercariae. The levels of infection detected by PCR were consistently higher (40–100 percent). Levels of exposure to miracidia in the field were measured using sentinel snails. B. globosus (a susceptible host) and B. nasutus (a non-susceptible host) were placed in cages at transmission sites for 72 h to observe rates of penetration by miracidia. Both B. globosus and B. nasutus tested positive for S. haematobium by PCR (up to 24% infected) indicating frequent contamination of the waterbodies with S. haematobium miracidia. The use of sentinel snails coupled with PCR diagnostics could be a sensitive tool for mapping and monitoring transmission of schistosomiasis in areas of low prevalence.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QX Parasitology > Helminths. Annelida > QX 355 Schistosoma
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 675 Mollusca
WA Public Health > Preventive Medicine > WA 110 Prevention and control of communicable diseases. Transmission of infectious diseases
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 810 Schistosomiasis
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Department of Tropical Disease Biology
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2013.01.003
Depositing User: Lynn Roberts-Maloney
Date Deposited: 21 May 2014 08:57
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:07
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/3678

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