LSTM Home > LSTM Research > LSTM Online Archive

Placental infections with histologically confirmed Plasmodium falciparum are associated with adverse birth outcomes in India: a cross-sectional study

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Ahmed, Rukhsana, Singh, Neeru, terKuile, Feiko ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3663-5617, Bharti, Praveen K, Singh, Pushpenda P, Desai, Meghna, Udhayakumar, Venkatachalam and Terlouw, Anja (2014) 'Placental infections with histologically confirmed Plasmodium falciparum are associated with adverse birth outcomes in India: a cross-sectional study'. Malaria Journal, Vol 13, :232.

[img]
Preview
Text
1475-2875-13-232.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (221kB)

Abstract

Background
Few studies have assessed placental malaria infections from low transmission areas by histopathology to define their impact and underlying mechanisms.

Methods
Peripheral smears and rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), placental smears and histological samples, birth weight and gestational age were collected from 2,282 deliveries in three hospitals during a one-year (2006–2007) continuous cross-sectional survey in Madhya Pradesh. Placental histopathology included all 50 cases positive by microscopy or RDT plus 456 randomly selected samples of women negative for malaria by microscopy or RDT. Histological examination included parasites, inflammatory cells, pigment in fibrin, and morphological changes.

Results
There were 52 histology-positive cases; 38 (73.1%) active (acute and chronic) and 14 past infections. Intervillous parasitaemia was low (60% had < 1% parasitaemia) and monocytosis mostly mild (63%). Compared with uninfected placentas, acute Plasmodium falciparum infections were associated with stillbirth (RR 3.8, 95% CI 1.2-12.1), lower maternal haemoglobin (mean difference: 1.5 g/dL, 95% CI 0.5-2.5), lower birth weight (mean difference 451 g, 95% CI 169–609) and shorter gestation (mean difference 0.8 weeks, 95% CI 0.2-1.4). Chronic or past infections were not associated with these outcomes. Among the 11 peripheral Plasmodium vivax cases, placental parasites were absent, but they were associated with increased placental polymorphonuclear cells.

Conclusions
Malaria associated stillbirth and low birth weight in women with low protective immunity may result, at least in part, from a shortened gestation triggered by acute infection, stressing the importance of early malaria detection.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 310 Maternal welfare
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 750 Malaria
WQ Obstetrics > Pregnancy Complications > WQ 256 Infectious diseases
WS Pediatrics > By Age Groups > WS 420 Newborn infants. Neonatology
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-13-232
Depositing User: Helen Wong
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2014 15:53
Last Modified: 31 May 2018 13:46
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/3781

Statistics

View details

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item