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A peer-led HIV counselling and testing programme for the deaf in Kenya

Taegtmeyer, Miriam ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5377-2536, Hightower, A., Opiyo, W., Mwachiro, L., Henderson, K., Angala, P., Ngare, C. and Marum, E. (2009) 'A peer-led HIV counselling and testing programme for the deaf in Kenya'. Disability and Rehabilitation, Vol 31, Issue 6, pp. 508-514.

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Abstract

Purpose. To describe and evaluate the establishment of the first VCT services for the Deaf in Africa. Method. Operational research methods were used to document programme establishment. The demographics of deaf VCT clients were compared with hearing clients at the same sites as well as where clients had learned of the service, HIV risks, and HIV test results. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used. Results. During the two year period (January 2004 to December 2005) 1709 Deaf and 1649 hearing clients were seen at three Deaf VCT sites. The majority of Deaf clients in this sample learned of the services through the peer education programme. Data indicate that Deaf VCT clients are as much at risk of HIV from sexual transmission as their hearing counterparts and that Deaf persons seeking VCT services have an HIV prevalence of 7%, similar to the national rate of 6.7%. Conclusions. The Deaf in Kenya are at risk of HIV and there is an urgent need for Deaf-friendly HIV services, supplemented by peer education programmes. This is the first published report describing HIV services run by the Deaf for the Deaf in the developing world.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Taegtmeyer, M. Hightower, A. Opiyo, W. Mwachiro, L. Henderson, K. Angala, P. Ngare, C. Marum, E.
Uncontrolled Keywords: HIV counselling and testing deaf Kenya
Subjects: WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV Infections > WC 503.4 Epidemiology
WB Practice of Medicine > Therapeutics > WB 305 Instructions or non-drug prescriptions for devices or therapy (General)
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV Infections > WC 503 Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. HIV infections
WM Psychiatry > WM 100 General works
WB Practice of Medicine > Medical Climatology > WB 710 Diseases of geographic areas
WV Otolaryngology > Ear > WV 200 General works
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV Infections > WC 503.1 Diagnosis
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV Infections > WC 503.41 General coverage
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV Infections > WC 503.7 Psychosocial aspects
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV Infections > WC 503.2 Therapy
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Clinical Group
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1080/09638280802133115
Depositing User: Users 43 not found.
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2010 12:10
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 12:59
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/388

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