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The epidemiology and outcomes of infective endocarditis in a tertiary care hospital in Oman

Al Abri, Seif Salem, Zahedi, Faisal Iqbal, Kurup, Padmamohan J., Al-Jardani, Amina K. and Beeching, Nicholas ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7019-8791 (2014) 'The epidemiology and outcomes of infective endocarditis in a tertiary care hospital in Oman'. Journal of Infection and Public Health, Vol 7, Issue 5, pp. 400-406.

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Abstract

Objectives

We undertook this study to describe the epidemiological and clinical features of infective endocarditis (IE) and to study the complications and management of IE in a tertiary care hospital in Oman.

Methods

This is a retrospective study of 58 adult patients (>13 years of age) admitted to the Royal Hospital with IE from June 2006 to June 2011.

Results

Of the 58 patients, 40 (69%) were males, and 18 (31%) were females (ratio 2.2). The median age was 43.6 years (range: 14–85). Forty-eight cases (82.7%) had native valves, nine patients (15.6%) had prosthetic valves, and one case (1.7%) had a pacemaker. The most commonly involved valves were mitral (33, 56.9%) and aortic (23, 39.7%). The blood cultures were positive in 47 (81%) patients, and the most commonly isolated organisms were Streptococci spp., which were found in 20 (34.5%) patients, and Staphylococci spp., which were found in 19 (32.8%) patients. The complication rate was 21%. A total of 15 (25.9%) patients underwent surgical intervention, and the in-hospital mortality rate was 27.6%.

Conclusions

Native-valve IE is the predominant type of endocarditis and is more of an acute disease. The prevalence of Staphylococci spp. IE is similar to that of Streptococci spp. IE, and its associated mortality remains high.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WG Cardiovascular System > WG 20 Research (General)
WG Cardiovascular System > Heart. Heart Diseases > WG 200 General works
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2014.04.004
Depositing User: Lynn Roberts-Maloney
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2015 11:18
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:08
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/4763

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