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Parental knowledge of alcohol consumption: a cross sectional survey of 11–17 year old schoolchildren and their parents

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Morleo, Michela, Cook, Penny A., Elliott, Gill and Phillips-Howard, Penelope ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1018-116X (2013) 'Parental knowledge of alcohol consumption: a cross sectional survey of 11–17 year old schoolchildren and their parents'. BMC Public Health, Vol 13, e412.

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Abstract

Background

Developing timely and effective strategies for preventing alcohol misuse in young people is required in order to prevent related harms since, worldwide, alcohol consumption was associated with 320,000 deaths amongst 15–29 year olds in 2004. Providing guidance and advice to parents is essential if alcohol misuse is to be reduced. However, prevention of risky behaviours is hampered if parents are unaware of the risks involved.

Methods

A cross-sectional school-based survey of parent–child dyads, simultaneously questioning 935 children aged 11–17 years old and their parent(s). Univariate and multivariate associations are reported between demography, alcohol behaviours and parental knowledge of their child’s alcohol consumption.

Results

41.1% (n = 384) of children reported drinking alcohol. Of these, 79.9% of their parents were aware of their child’s alcohol consumption. Children aged 11–14 years had over a twofold greater odds of consuming alcohol without parental knowledge compared with 15–17 year olds (AOR: 2.7, 95% CI: 1.3-5.7). Of parent–child dyads where the child reported consuming alcohol, 92.7% of parents reported that they had spoken to their child about alcohol at least once in the past three months, whereas 57.3% of their children reported that this had occurred. Children who consumed alcohol and whose parents did not know they drank alcohol were less likely to report having a parental discussion about alcohol in the last three months (AOR: 0.4, 95% CI: 0.1-1.0) or report lifetime receipt of at least one other parenting protective measure (AOR: 0.5, 95% CI: 0.2-0.9) compared with those children who drank alcohol with parental knowledge.

Conclusions

Whilst only small numbers of young adolescents in our sample were drinking alcohol compared with older adolescents, those who did were more likely to do so without their parents’ knowledge. These two factors combined (drinking earlier and drinking without parental knowledge) could place children at risk of immediate harm. Further research is essential to identify whether public health strategies should be developed which could support parents to employ lifestyle parenting techniques even before the parent believes the child to be at risk.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at: http://www.biomedcentral.com.ezproxy.liv.ac.uk/1471-2458/13/412
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 30 Socioeconomic factors in public health (General)
WM Psychiatry > WM 20 Research (General)
WS Pediatrics > By Age Groups > WS 460 Adolescence (General)
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-412
Depositing User: Lynn Roberts-Maloney
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2015 12:00
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2019 14:16
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/4975

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