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Mental disorders in Bangladesh: a systematic review

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Hossain, Mohammad, Ahmed, Helal, Chowdhury, Waziul, Niessen, Louis ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8639-5191 and Alam, Dewan (2014) 'Mental disorders in Bangladesh: a systematic review'. BMC Psychiatry, Vol 14, e216.

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Abstract

Background

Mental disorders constitute a major public health problem globally with higher burden in low and middle-income countries. In Bangladesh, systematically-collected data on mental disorders are scarce and this leaves the extent of the problem not so well defined. We reviewed the literature on mental health disorders in Bangladesh to summarize the available data and identify evidence gaps.

Methods

We identified relevant literature on mental disorders within Bangladesh published between 1975 and October, 2013 through a systematic and comprehensive search. Relevant information from the selected articles was extracted and presented in tables.

Results

We identified 32 articles which met our pre-defined eligibility criteria. The reported prevalence of mental disorders varied from 6.5 to 31.0% among adults and from 13.4 to 22.9% among children. Some awareness regarding mental health disorders exists at community level. There is a negative attitude towards treatment of those affected and treatment is not a priority in health care delivery. Mental health services are concentrated around tertiary care hospitals in big cities and absent in primary care.

Conclusions

The burden of mental disorders is high in Bangladesh, yet a largely unrecognized and under-researched area. To improve the mental health services in Bangladesh, further well-designed epidemiological and clinical research are needed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-244X/14/216
Subjects: WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 305 Mental health of special population groups
WM Psychiatry > WM 140 Mental disorders (General)
WM Psychiatry > WM 20 Research (General)
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-014-0216-9
Depositing User: Lynn Roberts-Maloney
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2015 12:29
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:09
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/5048

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