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Diagnosed hematological malignancies in Bangladesh - a retrospective analysis of over 5000 cases from 10 specialized hospitals

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Hossain, Mohammad, Iqbal, Mohd S, Khan, Mohiuddin, Rabbani, Mohammad, Khatun, Hazera, Munira, Sirajam, Miah, M Morshed, Kabir, Amin, Islam, Naima, Dipta, Tashmim, Rahman, Farzana, Mottalib, Abdul, Afrose, Salma, Ara, Tasneem, Biswas, Akhil, Rahman, Mizanur, Abedin, AKM, Rahman, Mahbubur, Yunus, ABM, Niessen, Louis ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8639-5191 and Sultana, Tanvira (2014) 'Diagnosed hematological malignancies in Bangladesh - a retrospective analysis of over 5000 cases from 10 specialized hospitals'. BMC Cancer, Vol 14, e438.

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Abstract

Background

The global burden from cancer is rising, especially as low-income countries like Bangladesh observe rapid aging. So far, there are no comprehensive descriptions reporting diagnosed cancer group that include hematological malignancies in Bangladesh.

Methods

This was a multi-center hospital-based retrospective descriptive study of over 5000 confirmed hematological cancer cases in between January 2008 to December 2012. Morphological typing was carried out using the “French American British” classification system.

Results

A total of 5013 patients aged between 2 to 90 years had been diagnosed with malignant hematological disorders. A 69.2% were males (n = 3468) and 30.8% females (n = 1545), with a male to female ratio of 2.2:1. The overall median age at diagnosis was 42 years. Acute myeloid leukemia was most frequent (28.3%) with a median age of 35 years, followed by chronic myeloid leukemia with 18.2% (median age 40 years), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (16.9%; median age 48 years), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (14.1%; median age 27 years), multiple myeloma (10.5%; median age 55 years), myelodysplastic syndromes (4.5%; median age 57 years) and Hodgkin’s lymphoma (3.9%; median age 36 years). The least common was chronic lymphocytic leukemia (3.7%; median age 60 years). Below the age of 20 years, acute lymphoblastic leukemia was predominant (37.3%), followed by acute myeloid leukemia (34%). Chronic lymphocytic leukemia and multiple myeloma had mostly occurred among older patients, aged 50-over.

Conclusions

For the first time, our study presents the pattern and distribution of diagnosed hematological cancers in Bangladesh. It shows differences in population distributions as compared to other settings with possibly a lower presence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. There might be under-reporting of affected women. Further studies are necessary on the epidemiology, genetics and potential environmental risk factors within this rapidly aging country.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2407/14/438
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 105 Epidemiology
WH Hemic and Lymphatic Systems > Hematologic Diseases. Immunologic Factors. Blood Banks > WH 120 Hematologic diseases (General or not elsewhere classified)
WH Hemic and Lymphatic Systems > Hematologic Diseases. Immunologic Factors. Blood Banks > WH 200 Leukocytes. Leukocyte disorders (General)
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2407-14-438
Depositing User: Lynn Roberts-Maloney
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2015 09:30
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2019 17:25
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/5076

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