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Infant Overweight as Early Marker of Childhood Overweight in Brazil

Jardim-Botelho, A., Queiroz Gurgel, R., Petrucci, Roberta, Bispo dos Santos, C., Bispo Pereira, A., de Oliveira Xavier, S., Desiderio de Souza, L. and Cuevas, L. E. (2014) 'Infant Overweight as Early Marker of Childhood Overweight in Brazil'. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, Vol 60, Issue 1, pp. 47-52.

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Abstract

Objective: To investigate infant overweight and rapid weight gain as predictors of overweight and adiposity in childhood.

Methods: Prospective, longitudinal birth cohort following 153 low-income Brazilian children. Weight, length, middle upper arm circumference (MUAC) and triceps skinfold thickness (TSF) were measured on enrolment and 6-monthly for 18 months. Anthropometric z-scores were calculated.

Results: Infants with overweight were >5 times likely to have MUAC z-score >2, >6 times likely to have weight-for-height/length z-score >2 and >3 times likely to have TSF z-score >2 during childhood. Children with more than two overweight episodes were 27.7 [95% confidence interval (CI) 8.1–87.9] times more likely to have MUAC z-score >2 and 13.8 (95% CI 4.4–43.9) times more likely to have TSF z-score >2 in childhood. Rapid weight gain increased 10.7 (95% CI 2.3–50.0) times the risk of childhood overweight.

Conclusions: Infant overweight and rapid weight gain predict overweight and adiposity in childhood among low-income children.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 30 Socioeconomic factors in public health (General)
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 320 Child Welfare. Child Health Services.
WS Pediatrics > Child Care. Nutrition. Physical Examination > WS 115 Nutritional requirements. Nutrition disorders
WS Pediatrics > By Age Groups > WS 430 Infancy
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmt076
Depositing User: Lynn Roberts-Maloney
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2015 15:33
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:09
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/5116

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