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Inflammation and Nutritional Science for Programs/Policies and Interpretation of Research Evidence (INSPIRE).

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Raiten, Daniel J., Ashour, Fayrouz A. Sakr, Ross, A. Catherine, Meydani, Simin N., Dawson, Harry D., Stephenson, Charles B., Brabin, Bernard, Suchdev, Parminder S., van Ommen, Ben and INSPIRE Consultative Grp, . (2015) 'Inflammation and Nutritional Science for Programs/Policies and Interpretation of Research Evidence (INSPIRE).'. The Journal of Nutrition, Vol 145, Issue 5, 1039S-1108S.

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Abstract

An increasing recognition has emerged of the complexities of the global health agenda-specifically, the collision of infections and noncommunicable diseases and the dual burden of over- and undernutrition. Of particular practical concern are both 1) the need for a better understanding of the bidirectional relations between nutritional status and the development and function of the immune and inflammatory response and 2) the specific impact of the inflammatory response on the selection, use, and interpretation of nutrient biomarkers. The goal of the Inflammation and Nutritional Science for Programs/Policies and Interpretation of Research Evidence (INSPIRE) is to provide guidance for those users represented by the global food and nutrition enterprise. These include researchers (bench and clinical), clinicians providing care/treatment, those developing and evaluating programs/interventions at scale, and those responsible for generating evidence-based policy. The INSPIRE process included convening 5 thematic working groups (WGs) charged with developing summary reports around the following issues: 1) basic overview of the interactions between nutrition, immune function, and the inflammatory response; 2) examination of the evidence regarding the impact of nutrition on immune function and inflammation; 3) evaluation of the impact of inflammation and clinical conditions (acute and chronic) on nutrition; 4) examination of existing and potential new approaches to account for the impact of inflammation on biomarker interpretation and use; and 5) the presentation of new approaches to the study of these relations. Each WG was tasked with synthesizing a summary of the evidence for each of these topics and delineating the remaining gaps in our knowledge. This review consists of a summary of the INSPIRE workshop and the WG deliberations

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a free access article, distributed under terms (http://www.nutrition.org/publications/guidelines-and-policies/license/) that permit unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Biochemistry of the Human Body > QU 130.5 Trace elements
QU Biochemistry > Vitamins > QU 145 Nutrition. Nutritional requirements
QW Microbiology and Immunology > Reference Works. General Immunology > QW 520 Research (General)
WA Public Health > WA 105 Epidemiology
WA Public Health > Health Administration and Organization > WA 530 International health administration
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.114.194571
Depositing User: Julie Franco
Date Deposited: 26 May 2015 10:43
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:09
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/5166

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