LSTM Home > LSTM Research > LSTM Online Archive

Outcomes of prevention of mother to child transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus-1 in rural Kenya-a cohort study.

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Nduati, Eunice Wambui, Hassan, Amin Shaban, Knight, Miguel Garcia, Muema, Daniel Muli, Jahangir, Margaret Nassim, Mwaringa, Shalton Lwambi, Etyang, Timothy Juma, Rowland-Jones, Sarah, Urban, Britta ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4197-8393 and Berkley, James Alexander (2015) 'Outcomes of prevention of mother to child transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus-1 in rural Kenya-a cohort study.'. BMC Public Health, Vol 15, Issue 1, p. 1008.

[img]
Preview
Text
Urban-BMC-2015.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (797kB) | Preview

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Success in prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) raises the prospect of eliminating pediatric HIV infection. To achieve global elimination, however, strategies are needed to strengthen PMTCT interventions. This study aimed to determine PMTCT outcomes and identify challenges facing its successful implementation in a rural setting in Kenya.

METHODS

A retrospective cohort design was used. Routine demographic and clinical data for infants and mothers enrolling for PMTCT care at a rural hospital in Kenya were analysed. Cox and logistic regression were used to determine factors associated with retention and vertical transmission respectively.

RESULTS

Between 2006 and 2012, 1338 infants were enrolled and followed up for PMTCT care with earlier age of enrollment and improved retention observed over time. Mother to child transmission of HIV declined from 19.4 % in 2006 to 8.9 % in 2012 (non-parametric test for trend p = 0.024). From 2009 to 2012, enrolling for care after 6 months of age, adjusted Odds Ratio [aOR]: 23.3 [95 % confidence interval (CI): 8.3-65.4], presence of malnutrition ([aOR]: 2.3 [95 % CI: 1.1-5.2]) and lack of maternal use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) (aOR: 6.5 [95 % CI: 1.4-29.4]) was associated with increased risk of HIV infection. Infant's older age at enrollment, malnutrition and maternal HAART status, were also associated with drop out from care. Infants who were not actively followed up were more likely to drop out from care (adjusted Hazard Ratio: 6.6 [95 % CI: 2.9-14.6]).

DISCUSSION

We report a temporal increase in the proportion of infants enrolling for PMTCT care before 3 months of age, improved retention in PMTCT and a significant reduction in the proportion of infants enrolled who became HIV-infected, emphasizing the benefits of PMTCT.

CONCLUSION

A simple set of risk factors at enrollment can identify mother-infant pairs most at risk of infection or drop out for targeted intervention.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: HIV, Prevention of mother to child transmission, Vertical transmission, Retention
Subjects: WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 310 Maternal welfare
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV Infections > WC 503 Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. HIV infections
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV Infections > WC 503.3 Etiology. Transmission
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Department of Tropical Disease Biology
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2355-4
Depositing User: Mary Creegan
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2015 09:56
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2018 11:33
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/5416

Statistics

View details

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item