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Mosquito behaviour change after distribution of bednets results in decreased protection against malaria exposure

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Thomsen, Edward ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1136-6430, Koimbu, Gussy, Pulford, Justin ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4756-8480, Jamea-Maiasa, Sharon, Ura, Yangta, Keven, John B, Siba, Peter S, Mueller, Ivo, Hetzel, Manuel W and Reimer, Lisa ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9711-4981 (2017) 'Mosquito behaviour change after distribution of bednets results in decreased protection against malaria exposure'. Journal of Infectious Disease, Vol 215, Issue 5, pp. 790-797.

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Abstract

Background
Behavioural resilience in mosquitoes poses a significant challenge to mosquito control. Although behaviour changes in anopheline vectors have been reported over the last decade, there are no empirical data to suggest they compromise the efficacy of vector control in reducing malaria transmission.
Methods
In this study, we quantified human exposure to both bites and infective bites of a major malaria vector in Papua New Guinea over the course of four years surrounding a nationwide bednet
distribution. We also quantified malaria infection prevalence in the human population during the same time period.
Results
We observed a shift in mosquito biting to earlier hours of the evening, before individuals are indoors and protected by bednets, followed by a return to pre-intervention biting rates. As a result, net users and non-net users experienced higher levels of transmission than before the intervention. The personal protection provided by a bednet decreased over the study period and was lowest in the
adult population, who may be an important reservoir for transmission. Malaria prevalence decreased in only one of three study villages after the distribution.
Discussion
This study highlights the necessity of validating and deploying vector control measures targeting outdoor exposure to control and eliminate malaria.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 510 Mosquitoes
WA Public Health > WA 100 General works
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 750 Malaria
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 765 Prevention and control
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiw615
Depositing User: Carmel Bates
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2017 10:49
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2019 14:48
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/6478

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