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Developing an expanded vector control toolbox for malaria elimination

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Killeen, Gerry ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8583-8739, Tatarsky, Allison, Diabate, Abdoulaye, Chaccour, Carlos J., Marshall, John M., Okumu, Fredros O, Brunner, Shannon, Newby, Gretchen, Williams, Yasmin A, Malone, David, Tusting, Lucy S. and Gosling, Roland D. (2017) 'Developing an expanded vector control toolbox for malaria elimination'. BMJ Global Health, Vol 2, Issue 2, e000211.

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Abstract

Vector control using long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS), accounts for most of the malaria burden reductions achieved recently in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). LLINs and IRS are highly effective, but are insufficient to eliminate malaria transmission in many settings, because of operational constraints, growing resistance to available insecticides, and mosquitoes that behaviourally avoid contact with these interventions. However, a number of substantive opportunities now exist for rapidly developing and implementing more diverse, effective, and sustainable malaria vector control strategies for LMICs. For example, mosquito control in high income countries (HICs) is predominantly achieved with a combination of mosquito-proofed housing and environmental management, supplemented with large-scale insecticide applications to larval habitats and outdoor spaces that kill off vector populations en masse, but all these interventions remain under-utilized in LMICs. Programmatic development and evaluation of decentralized, locally-managed systems for delivering these pro-active mosquito population abatement practices in LMICs could therefore enable broader scale up. Furthermore, a diverse range of emerging or re-purposed technologies are becoming available for targeting mosquitoes when they enter houses, feed outdoors, attack livestock, feed on sugar, or aggregate into mating swarms. Global policy must now be realigned to mobilize the political and financial support necessary to exploit these opportunities over the decade ahead, so that national malaria control and elimination programmes can access a much broader, more effective set of vector control interventions.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 600 Insect control. Tick control
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 650 Insect vectors
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 750 Malaria
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2016-000211
Depositing User: Carmel Bates
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2017 13:19
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2019 10:12
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/6764

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