LSTM Home > LSTM Research > LSTM Online Archive

Proline Metabolism is Essential for Trypanosoma brucei brucei Survival in the Tsetse Vector

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Mantilla, BS, Marchese, L, Casas Sanchez, Aitor, Dyer, Naomi, Ejeh, Nicholas, Biran, M, Bringaud, F, Lehane, Mike, Acosta Serrano, Alvaro ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2576-7959 and Silber, AM (2017) 'Proline Metabolism is Essential for Trypanosoma brucei brucei Survival in the Tsetse Vector'. PLoS Pathogens, Vol 13, Issue 1, e1006158.

[img]
Preview
Text
Plos_Pathogens_13_1_e1006158.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

Adaptation to different nutritional environments is essential for life cycle completion by all Trypanosoma brucei sub-species. In the tsetse fly vector, L-proline is among the most abundant amino acids and is mainly used by the fly for lactation and to fuel flight muscle. The procyclic (insect) stage of T. b. brucei uses L-proline as its main carbon source, relying on an efficient catabolic pathway to convert it to glutamate, and then to succinate, acetate and alanine as the main secreted end products. Here we investigated the essentiality of an undisrupted proline catabolic pathway in T. b. brucei by studying mitochondrial Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase (TbP5CDH), which catalyzes the irreversible conversion of gamma-glutamate semialdehyde (γGS) into L-glutamate and NADH. In addition, we provided evidence for the absence of a functional proline biosynthetic pathway. TbP5CDH expression is developmentally regulated in the insect stages of the parasite, but absent in bloodstream forms grown in vitro. RNAi down-regulation of TbP5CDH severely affected the growth of procyclic trypanosomes in vitro in the absence of glucose, and altered the metabolic flux when proline was the sole carbon source. Furthermore, TbP5CDH knocked-down cells exhibited alterations in the mitochondrial inner membrane potential (ΔΨm), respiratory control ratio and ATP production. Also, changes in the proline-glutamate oxidative capacity slightly affected the surface expression of the major surface glycoprotein EP-procyclin. In the tsetse, TbP5CDH knocked-down cells were impaired and thus unable to colonize the fly’s midgut, probably due to the lack of glucose between bloodmeals. Altogether, our data show that the regulated expression of the proline metabolism pathway in T. b. brucei allows this parasite to adapt to the nutritional environment of the tsetse midgut.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Proteins. Amino Acids. Peptides > QU 58.7 RNA
?? qu_60 ??
QX Parasitology > QX 20 Research (General)
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 505 Diptera
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 650 Insect vectors
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Department of Tropical Disease Biology
Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1006158
Depositing User: Mary Creegan
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2017 11:31
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2019 15:30
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/6858

Statistics

View details

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item