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Genome-Wide Transcription and Functional Analyses Reveal Heterogeneous Molecular Mechanisms Driving Pyrethroids Resistance in the Major Malaria Vector Anopheles funestus Across Africa.

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Riveron, Jacob ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5395-767X, Ibrahim, SulaimanSadi, Mulamba, Charles, Djouaka, Rousseau, Irving, Helen, Wondji, Murielle, Ishak, Intan H. and Wondji, Charles ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0791-3673 (2017) 'Genome-Wide Transcription and Functional Analyses Reveal Heterogeneous Molecular Mechanisms Driving Pyrethroids Resistance in the Major Malaria Vector Anopheles funestus Across Africa.'. G3, Vol 7, Issue 6, pp. 1818-1832.

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Abstract

Pyrethroid resistance in malaria vector, An. Funestus is increasingly reported across Africa, threatening the sustainability of pyrethroid-based control interventions including long lasting insecticidal Nets (LLINs). Managing this problem requires understanding of the molecular basis of the resistance from different regions of the continent, to establish whether it is being driven by a single or independent selective events. Here, using a genome-wide transcription profiling of pyrethroid resistant populations from Southern (Malawi), East (Uganda) and West Africa (Benin), we investigated the molecular basis of resistance, revealing strong differences between the different African regions. The duplicated cytochrome P450 genes (CYP6P9a and CYP6P9b) which were highly over-expressed in southern Africa are not the most up-regulated in other regions, where other genes are more over-expressed, including GSTe2 in West (Benin) and CYP9K1 in East (Uganda). The lack of directional selection on both CYP6P9a and CYP6P9b in Uganda in contrast to southern Africa further supports the limited role of these genes outside southern Africa. However, other genes such as the P450 CYP9J11 are commonly over-expressed in all countries across Africa. Here, CYP9J11 is functionally characterized and shown to confer resistance to pyrethroids and moderate cross-resistance to carbamates (bendiocarb). The consistent over-expression of GSTe2 in Benin is coupled with a role of allelic variation at this gene as GAL4-UAS transgenic expression in Drosophila flies showed that the resistant 119F allele is highly efficient in conferring both DDT and permethrin resistance than the L119. The heterogeneity in the molecular basis of resistance and cross-resistance to insecticides in An. Funestus populations throughout sub-Saharan African should be taken into account in designing resistance management strategies.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Genetics > QU 450 General Works
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 515 Anopheles
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 600 Insect control. Tick control
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 650 Insect vectors
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 750 Malaria
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > International Public Health Department
Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1534/g3.117.040147
SWORD Depositor: JISC Pubrouter
Depositing User: JISC Pubrouter
Date Deposited: 10 May 2017 09:40
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2019 15:48
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/7067

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