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Blood donors' perceptions, motivators and deterrents in Sub-Saharan Africa - a scoping review of evidence

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Asamoah-Akuoko, Lucy, Hassall, Oliver, Bates, Imelda ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0862-8199 and Ullum, H (2017) 'Blood donors' perceptions, motivators and deterrents in Sub-Saharan Africa - a scoping review of evidence'. British Journal of Haematology, Vol 177, Issue 6, pp. 864-877.

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Abstract

Achieving an adequate blood supply in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) through donor mobilization and retention is crucial. Factors that motivate or deter blood donors vary according to beliefs and social norms. Understanding the factors that influence blood donation behaviour in SSA is vital to developing effective strategies to address blood donor motivation and retention. This review of 35 studies from 16 SSA countries collates available evidence concerning the perceptions, motivators and deterrents that influence blood donors in SSA. The review revealed a common understanding that blood and blood donation save lives. The main deterrent to blood donation was fear due to lack of knowledge and discouraging spiritual, religious and cultural perceptions of blood donation. The main motivators for blood donation were altruism, donating blood for family and incentives. The findings support the need for targeted, culturally sensitive education, recruitment and retention strategies to improve the blood supply in SSA.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Special Issue: Low to middle income countries (LMIC)
Subjects: W General Medicine. Health Professions > Health Services. Patients and Patient Advocacy > W 85 Patients. Attitude and compliance
WA Public Health > WA 30 Socioeconomic factors in public health (General)
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WH Hemic and Lymphatic Systems > Hematologic Diseases. Immunologic Factors. Blood Banks > WH 460 Blood bank procedures
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > International Public Health Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1111/bjh.14588
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2017 13:10
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2018 15:47
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/7225

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