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Bangladesh policy on prevention and control of non-communicable diseases: a policy analysis

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Biswas, Tuhin, Pervin, Sonia, Tanim, Md. Imtiaz Alam, Niessen, Louis and Islam, Anwar (2017) 'Bangladesh policy on prevention and control of non-communicable diseases: a policy analysis'. BMC Public Health, Vol 17, Issue 1, p. 582.

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Abstract

Background

This paper is aimed at critically assessing the extent to which Non-Communicable Disease NCD-related policies introduced in Bangladesh align with the World Health Organization’s (WHO) 2013–2020 Action Plan for the Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of NCDs.

Methods

The authors reviewed all relevant policy documents introduced by the Government of Bangladesh since its independence in 1971. The literature review targeted scientific and grey literature documents involving internet-based search, and expert consultation and snowballing to identify relevant policy documents. Information was extracted from the documents using a specific matrix, mapping each document against the six objectives of the WHO 2013–2020 Action Plan for the Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of NCDs.

Results

A total of 51 documents were identified. Seven (14%) were research and/or surveys, nine were on established policies (17%), while seventeen (33%) were on action programmes. Five (10%) were related to guidelines and thirteen (25%) were strategic planning documents from government and non-government agencies/institutes. The study covered documents produced by the Government of Bangladesh as well as those by quasi-government and non-government organizations irrespective of the extent to which the intended policies were implemented.

Conclusions

The policy analysis findings suggest that although the government has initiated many NCD-related policies or programs, they lacked proper planning, implementation and monitoring. Consequently, Bangladesh over the years had little success in effectively addressing the growing burden of non-communicable diseases. It is imperative that future research critically assess the effectiveness of national NCD policies by monitoring their implementation and level of population coverage

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 100 General works
WA Public Health > Preventive Medicine > WA 108 Preventive health services. Preventive medicine. Travel Medicine.
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WA Public Health > Health Administration and Organization > WA 525 General works
WA Public Health > Health Administration and Organization > WA 540 National and state health administration
WA Public Health > Health Administration and Organization > WA 546 Local Health Administration. Community Health Services
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > International Public Health Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4494-2
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2017 11:15
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:15
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/7326

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